Telangana SCERT 8th Class English Guide Telangana State Unit 2A Oliver Asks for More Textbook Questions and Answers.
TS 8th Class English Guide Unit 2A Oliver Asks for More
PRE-READING (Motivotion/Picture Interaction):
Read the saying given below and answer the questions that follow.
Answer the following questions :
What does the sentence ‘Home is the happiest place in the world’ mean ?
The meaning of the sentence is that there is no other place which is as happy as our home. One can live happily, comfortably, feeling secure and safe in one’s home.
Do you agree / disagree with the view expressed in the saying ? Why ?
I agree with the view expressed in it, because our home is the only place where we have security and safety to live in. It’s also the place where we can share our love and affection with all the members of our families. We can be helpful to one another and enjoy our life.
Oral Discourse Talk on : – “The feelings of a homeless child.”
Home is the happiest place in the world. But some children may not have their homes. Then what about such children? Where can they live? Of course in the streets. How do they feel? Can we express their sorrow in words? A homeless child is probably the most unfortunate child in the world. Every day is a big problem for him. He has no shelter in the rain, in the cold, in the hot sun. He sleeps on the footpath at nights. He is hopeless. He feels like a fish out of water all the time because of homelessness. I feel that a child without home is like a rose without sweet smell.
Answer the following questions :
How did Oliver feel when he was asked to appear before the live board ?
Oliver did not know the clear notion of what a live board was. Oliver felt rather astonished when he was told to appear before the live board. He was not quite certain whether he ought to laugh or cry. Almost he was in a confused state as he was not able to understand why he had to appear before the live board. It was the first time he had appeared before the board.
Why did Oliver tremble and cry in the white-washed room?
Oliver was frightened in the white-washed room at the sight of so many gentlemen. So he trembled. Moreover, he was unable to follow the instruction given by Bumble to bow to the board members. Beadle gave him a tap on his back with his cane, and Oliver cried. He was unable to answer the questions posed by the board members and wept bitterly looking at them.
“What is that, sir?” inquired poor Oliver. What does ‘that’ refer to?
The gentleman in the high chair asked Oliver whether he was an orphan or not. Oliver inquired what that was. Oliver was so innocent that he did not know the meaning of the word orphan. An orphan is one who has no father or mother to look after him/her.
What kind of people were the members of the board? Justify your opinion.
Though they seem to be wise and philosphical, the members of the board were not ready to help the poor classes who were in the workhouse. They thought that it was a mere waste to spend money on them. They made the children starve in the workhouse. This shows their unfriendly nature and narrow mindedness towards the poor children.
What main differences do you notice between the children and the master? (Observe the physical appearances, dress, behaviour, etc.) What can you infer from these differences?
The main differences I noticed between the children and the master are: The children were getting weaker and weaker day by day as they were not supplied enough food to fill their bellies. They starved and became thinner but the master was a fat, healthy man. He was neatly dressed in an apron for the purpose of supplying food to the children.
How do you look at Oliver’s request, “Please, sir, I want some more!” ? What compelled him to say this ?
Oliver and his companions suffered the tortures of slow starvation with insufficient food for 3 months. One of the inmates of the work house told that he would eat a thin boy out of hunger. So, to put a full stop to this starvation in the workhouse, Oliver was forced to demand for more food from their master. Having known the fact that nobody could dare to raise his voice before their master in the workhouse, Oliver dared and faced the situation.
What happened to Oliver at the end of the story ?
At the end of the story Oliver was ordered into instant confinement. The next morning a bill was pasted on the outside of the gate. The bill offered a reward of five pounds to anybody who would take Oliver Twist off the hands of the parish. Five pounds and Oliver Twist were offered to any man or woman who wanted an apprentice to any trade, business, or calling.
Do you find children like Oliver around you ? How would you help them to live better ?
Yes, I find children like Oliver in my surroundings. When I find them, I enquire their details. I collect a few provisions for their basic needs and also collect money from my friends, neighbours and well wishers. We admit them into one of the orphanages in our locality wishing them happy and comfortable life. We inform the Child Labour Enforcement to look after the orphAnswer:
I. Look at the underlined part in the following sentence.
“You have come here to be educated…” said the red-faced gentleman.
The word ‘red-faced’ is called a Compound Adjective.
The phrase ‘red-faced gentleman’ is a short form of ‘a gentleman with a red face’.
1. Pick out the phrases with COMPOUND ADJECTIVES from the story or elsewhere and write how they can be rewritten to express the same meaning.
a) a large white-washed room.
a room which is large in size and is white washed.
b) a part-time employee
an employee who is working part-time.
c) a high-speed chase
the chase which is high-in speed.
d) A green coloured-mansion.
a palace or mansion which is coloured green or which is green in colour.
e) a well-developed nation.
a nation that is developed well.
2. Change the underlined parts in the following paragraph into COMPOUND ADJECTIVES. Rewrite the paragraph in your note book.
Sachin Tendulkar is a cricketer who is famous all over the world. He is a batsman playing with right hand. He has many world records to his credit which are mind blowing. Besides all these, he is a person with a kind heart. He works with an NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) based in Mumbai to help more than 200 orphans every year.
Sachin Tendulkar is a world-famous cricketer. He is a right handed – batsman. He has many mind-blowing records to his credit. Besides all these he is a kindhearted person. He works with a Mumbai-based Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) to help more than 200 orphans every year.
3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate COMPOUNDADJECTIVES from the box given below.
deep-rooted, old-fashioned, well-mannered, softspoken, brand-new
Latha is a ……….. girl. She speaks kindly with her classmates. Look at her, she is wearing an …………….. dress. She does not like to wear dresses. Don’t you think Latha is a …… girl ?
Latha is a soft spoken girl. She speaks kindly with her classmates. Look at her, she is wearing an old-fashioned dress. She does not like to wear brand-new dresses. Don’t you think Latha is a well-mannered girl ?
I. Look at the following sentence taken from the story.
‘The boy is a fool,’ said the gentleman in the white waistcoat. As you know, the above underlined expression, can be changed in to a question. How do we change the above statement into a question? By putting the auxiliary verb before the subject ‘the boy’.
a) Monish is a bright boy.
Is Monish a bright boy ?
b) Jhansi is a good painter.
Is Jhansi a good painter ?
c) Sharmila is a brilliant girl.
Is Sharmila a brilliant girl ?
Look at some more sentences:
1. ‘I understand that he asked for more’.
Do I understand that he asked for more?
2. ‘Oliver asks for more’.
Does Oliver ask for more?
3. ‘The boys took their places’.
Did the boys take their places?
Understand = Do understand
Understood = Did understand
Understands = Does understand
These sentences are changed into a question by placing ‘do/does/did at the beginning. Such questions are called Yes / No questions.
1. Ratna Kumari loves her son very much.
Does Ratna Kumari love her son very much ?
2. Mr. C.S.N. wrote good poetry.
Did Mr. C.S.N. write good poetry ?
Change the following statements into Yes/No questions:
Oliver was frightened at the sight of so many gentlemen.
Was Oliver frightened at the sight of so many gentlemen?
You are an orphan.
Are you an orphan?
You say your prayers every night.
Do you say your prayers every night?
You will pick oakum tomorrow morning.
Will you pick oakum tomorrow morning ?
Mr. Bumble rushed into the room.
Did Mr. Bumble rush into the room?
They can devour the big bowl.
Can they devour the big bowl ?
Boys have generally excellent appetites.
Do boys generally have excellent appetites ?
II. Read the following sentence taken from the story.
“You were brought up by the parish, weren’t you?”
In this sentence ‘weren’t you?’ at the end is called a question tag. Question tags are used to get information or confirmation. The question tags are positive if the statements are negative. And if the statements are positive, questions tags are negative. These tags are short / contracted form of questions. If the statement has an auxiliary, the tag begins with an auxiliary. In case it does not have an auxiliary, it begins with do / does / did.
1. Monish speaks good English, doesn’the?
2. Jhansi designed a greeting card, didn’t she ?
3. Sharmila is singing a song, isn’t she ?
4. They are playing chess, aren’t they?
5. I am teaching a lesson, aren’ It is ?
(for auxiliary verb ‘am’, aren’t is considered because there is no sound ‘mn’ to be pronounced in English)
Read the following dialogue to understand the usage of question tags:
Ramu : The weather is good today, isn’t it?
Vijay : Indeed, Ramu.
Ramu : How about going out now? Hope you’ll join me, won’t you?
Vijay : I’ve got some important work now, I am afraid.
Read the following dialogue that took place at a party. Add suitable question tags to complete it :
Rohit : Hi, I’ve met you before, ……..
Suma : No, I don’t think so.
Rohit : But your name is Vani, …….
A. isn’t it?
Suma : No, it’s Suma! Anyway, glad to meet you.
Rohit : Me too. This is Rohit. The party seems to be really lively, ……
A. doesn’t it?
Suma : Yes, definitely. We enjoy ourselves a lot on such occasions ……
Rohit : Yeah, we do.
III. Editing :
Read the following passage. Every numbered sentence has an error. Identify and edit it.
(1) When Rohit was nine, his family lived for a small town. (2) His father Rajaraowere a clerk in Rao & Rao Company. (3) Janaki, Rohit’s mother, was an housewife. She used to be alone in the daytime when Rohit was at school, and Rajarao, in his office. (4) She wanted to has a pet. (5) She asked Rohit’s father several time for a pet.
1. His family lived in a small town
2. His father Rajarao was a clerk
3. Janaki, Rohit’s mother, was a housewife
4. She wanted to have a pet
5. several times for a pet
Imagine you are Oliver Twist. Attempt a diary entry with the above features in mind. After facing the live board, Oliver returned to his bed crying. He sat up to write his diary.
Day : Saturday
Date: 2 July 20XX
Time : 10.30 PM
Mr. Bumble took me to the members of the Board. They reminded me that I had come there to be educated and taught a useful trade. They were angry when I asked for some extra gruel. I am asked to pick up oakum tomorrow. I cried and slept on a rough, hard bed.
Oliver Asks for More Summary in English
It is the story of an orphan boy named Oliver. He was brought to a children’s home. As per the instruction given by Mr. Bumble, little Oliver entered the room. Board members were sitting to interview Oliver. They asked some questions. Oliver couldn’t answer them but cried. Oliver couldn’t answer even the question whether he was an orphan or not.
The children who were living in the work house were not getting enough food.
The children were wild with hunger. They wanted to demand for more gruel from their master. Oliver did this job on behalf of all his friends. He asked his master for more food. Master couldn’t digest this demand. He beat Oliver on his head with a ladle. One of the board members who was in white waist coat understood the situation of Oliver. He said that Oliver would be hung. The next morning a notice was pasted on the outside of the gate. It stated that Oliver would be offered along with 5 pounds of money to who ever appointed him as an apprentice in a business, trade or calling.
About the Author:
Charles Dickens (1812-1870) is a well known English novelist. Due to his father’s imprisonment Charles left school and worked in a shoe factory. While he was working as an office boy, he launched his writing career. His novels Oliver Twist, Great Expectations, Pickwick Papers, Bleak House, A Tale of two Cities and David Copperfield brought him name all over the world. He went on lecture tours to America and got literary reputation. He focussed on social issues and human ailments in his works.
1. beadle (n) : an official of a church
2. parish (n) : a church committee
3. oakum (n) : loose fibre obtained by untwisting and picking apart old ropes
4. surly (adj) : serious or angry
5. gruel (n) : a thin liquid food of oats, rice, etc.
6. devoured (v) : ate hungrily or quickly
Usage: The lion devoured the goat.
7. appetite (n) : the desire to eat, hunger
Usage: I have a great appetite.
8. voracious (adj) : wanting great quantities of food
Usage: He is a voracious eater.
9. stupefied (adj) : shocked
10. paralyzed (v) : became motionless
11. ladle (n) : a long handled spoon used to serve liquids
12. countenance (n) : a person’s face or facial expression
13. confinement : putting in a prison or a closed room
14. apprentice : one who works under a skilled person
Usage: Before confirming a job, one should be an apprentice and learn the work.
Additional Meanings :
15. grasping : holding
16. forthwith : at once
17. notion : idea
18. trotted : walked with short steps
19. forth with : immediately
20. lingering : moving slowly in an unwilling manner
21. stammer : speak in a broken way
22. inmates : those who live in a house
23. sobbed : cried with sharp, quick breaths
24. nudge : push gently
25. winked : close and open the eyelids a number of times
26. clung : stuck on (cling-clang-clung)
27. shriek : make a loud, shrill noise
28. contradict : oppose
29. prophetic : telling the future
30. calling : anytrade
31. distinctly : clearly