Students can go through AP State Board 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 20 Folk Religion to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 20 Folk Religion
→ When children fall ill repeatedly when people are sick and very weak they worship the folk goddesses by offering Bonalu and sacrificing a cock, or they go to the Pir Baba’s Dargah and ask the Maulvi to tie ataWiz. tt is a general scene in villages.
→ There are a large number of village deities.
→ Pochamma is the most popular folk goddess of Andhra Pradesh. Near every village, a small shrine is dedicated to her. The main goddess is in the form of stone under a neem tree.
→ People worship the goddess Pochanima by offering bonuses.
→ Katta Maisamma is a goddess of water and is worshipped in the form of a small stone on the tank bund. With Her blessings, the crops flourish.
→ Once in five years, a major festival is celebrated in which sheep, goats, and hens are sacrificed.
→ Gangamma is also considered a water goddess who protects fishermen who go out into the sea.
→ Yellamma is also called Polimeramma, Maritemma, Renuka, Mahankali, Jogamma, Somalamma, etc.
→ Yellarnma, the goodness, guards the boundaries of the village and will not allow any disease or evil Village.
→ A devotee of ‘Devi becomes a deity and is called Paidi thalli. In Northern Andhra ‘Paidi thaTti Ammavart Jafthara is celebrated.
→ The farmers of Andhra Pradesh believe that Potharaju looks after their agricultural lands arid crops and products the crops from dreadful diseases, thieves and animals.
→ Beerappa and Katamaraju are worshipped by cowherd and shepherd communities. They are considered protectors of cattle and sheep.
→ Many office folk gods and goddesses were actually local heroes who either died fighting for the defense of their people or were wronged by the powerful people of their times.
→ Sammakka and Sarakka (Medaram) Jatara is celebrated at Medaram village of Taadwai Mandal in Warangal district. Nearly one crore people attend it.
→ The Medaram Jatara is celebrated once every two years.
→ Moharram, a Muslim festival, commemorates the battle of Karbala in Iraq in which the grandson of Prophet Mohammad was killed.
→ Muslim celebrates Urs or anniversaries of Muslim saints who lie hurried in various parts of the state.
→ People, who seek some specific blessings like children or jobs etc visit the Dargahs and pray there.
→ Dargahs are built on tombs of Sufi saints who propagated Sufism.
→ Bonalu is one of the popular folk festivals celebrated in the Telangana state.
→ Many historical books tell us that such folk gods were worshipped in very old times also. & Many of these deities are worshipped by people irrespective of their caste or religion or economic status.
→ Folk Deities: Traditional Gods
→ Jatara: A festival conducted for village gods.
→ Urs: Urs is the death anniversary of the Sufi saint in the dargah.
→ Peeri: A Peeri is prepared with bamboo strips in a dome shape.
The Muslims too pay respects to the heroes who fought against evil.
→ Bonamu: The Godness is worshipped by offering food, which is later shared among the family members.