SCERT AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 17th Lesson Implementation of Laws in the District Textbook Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Solutions 17th Lesson Implementation of Laws in the District
7th Class Social Studies 17th Lesson Implementation of Laws in the District Textbook Questions and Answers
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Make a list of activities done by the District Collector.
The District collector is also called a District Magistrate. The activities done by the District Collector are as follows.
- He controls and coordinates the work of all departments.
- He conducts the meetings with the heads of all departments and asks the head of each department about the progress of the work they have been allotted.
- He attends to the problems of the people who approached him from different mandals and helped them to solve their problems.
- He would instruct the heads of different departments to attend to the problems of the people.
In case of emergency, he will act briskly, personally monitors the situation and announce the compensation to the affected people.
- He would safeguard the public places. It is his responsibility to evict the persons who encroached the public places, sidewalks and roads so that there is a free flow of traffic and free movement of the public on the roads.
Correct the following statements.
- Law is implemented by the elected representatives.
- The Collector is in charge of a Mandal.
- People approach the Mandal Development Officer to solve the problems of the entire district.
- Tahsildar (MRO) keeps the record of land revenue.
- Law is implemented by the ministers and officials.
- The collector is in charge of a district.
- People approach Collector to solve the problems of the entire district.
- Tahsildar (MRO) keeps the record of land revenue.
Read the first two paragraphs of page 155 and answer the question given below.
Why do you think land records are kept at village and Mandal levels?
Among others, the Revenue Officer keeps the land records. If you live in a village or own land, you may know that your parents have some record for the land that is owned by them. All the land all over the country is measured and this information is kept in these offices. They also have maps of the land showing land owned by different people, showing crops, tanks, drainages, wells, neighbouring plots, roads, hillocks and so on. These documents become extremely useful. If there is a dispute between the boundaries of land owned by two individuals, maps and written documents can be used for settling it. Or, if someone buys or sells the .land, this information needs to be written in this office as well. These maps also have records of the forest or uncultivated grazing lands. So if someone encroaches into these lands; they can be evicted.
It is the responsibility of the Village Revenue Officer and Mandal Revenue Officer to keep track of these records of the land. They also have the responsibility for updating and issuing ration cards.
Since the district is a vast area, the records of lands of all the districts cannot be kept in the district level. For ages, as a tradition, these land records are kept by village revenue officials such as munsifs and karanams. So the records of land are kept at the mandal and village level. More than that if there is a dispute between the boundaries of land owned by two individuals, maps and written documents can be used for settling it. Or, if someone buys or sells the land information needs to be written in these offices as well. These maps also have records of the forest or open uncultivated grazing lands. So if someone encroaches into these lands, they can be evicted.
Compare the roles of people who make laws with those who implement them in the following aspects:
a) has to contest elections;
b) are part of different departments of government;
c) responsible for making laws;
d) responsible for implementing laws;
e) usually elected for 5 years;
f) are appointed into jobs;
|Member of Legislative Assembly||Persons in Administration|
|has to contest elections||are part of different departments of government.|
|responsible for making laws||responsible for implementing laws.|
|usually elected for 5 years.||are appointed into jobs.|
Here is another brief description of Manisha Nagle. Read this carefully and compare with the text given under the head “Mansabdar’s and Jagirdars” in chapter 14 and “Captains of the troops – The Amaranayakas” in Chapter 13 and fill the following table.
Manisha Nagle has been the Collector of Nallavaram for the last 5 months. Earlier, she worked as the Deputy Secretary in the Ministry of Public Health Department in the state capital. It is possible that she may be transferred as a Collector of another district or taken back to the State Secretariat. She is an employee of the Indian Government. Often, some of them also have to go to Delhi and work for the central govern¬ment. They are all selected through an examination conducted by the government.
|Process of selection|
|Process of selection||through an examination conducted by the government.||appointed by the king||recruited by Mughal rulers|
|Paid through||banks or treasuries||land assignments||revenue assignments.|
Colour the mandals surrounding your mandal in your district map.
Organise a programme of “students interaction with revenue officials” (Tahsildar/ Mandal Revenue Inspector/Village Revenue Officer) about – “The implementation of Laws”.
Tahsildar: Good morning children.
Students: Good morning sir.
Tahsildar: What is your problem?
Students: We would like to know how are laws implement in the assembly.
Tahsildar: Usually laws are drafted by the ruling party as it is a majority in the assembly.
Students: How do they solve the issues?
Tahsildar: On some issues, a member can also propose a law and it can be adopted if the majority supports it.
Students: Sir, we would like to know the procedure.
Tahsildar: Before the bill is passed the proposed law is called a bill. After being passed by both the chambers and after the approval of the Governor it becomes a law and it is called an act.
Students: Sir, what are the two chambers?
Tahsildar: They are elected MLA’s and MLC’s of that state.
Students: Sir, I would like to know what is the meaning of voting?
Tahsildar: There will be a lot of discussion between ruling and opposition MLA’s.
Students: After discussion what happens?
Tahsildar: The bill will be first approved by the cabinet and then it is placed before the assembly for voting. If more than half of the MLA’s and MLC’s accepts, then the bill is sent to the Governor.
Students: Sir, what is the next process?
Tahsildar: After the Governor’s approval the bill will be called an act and published in gazette.
Students: Thank you, sir, we got a lot of information on how the implementation laws are made at the state level.
Interview your teacher, or any government school teacher to get the following details:
When was she or he appointed?
To which department of the government does she/he report?
Has the teacher been transferred?
How are they promoted or punished?
Who is responsible for their salaries?
If they have any complaints about working conditions, whom do they report to?
What has been their experience in implementing the new rules/programmes like ensuring enrolment of children, mid-day meals; or any other programme? Make a presentation of your finding in the classroom.