Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 21 Performing Arts and Artistes in Modern Times to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 21 Performing Arts and Artistes in Modern Times
→ Many of the folk arts are performed by the people themselves.
→ The Chuttuu Kamudu is one of the art forms of Telangana that came out of the daily labor of the peasants.
→ Dhimsa dance is performed by tribal groups living in Araku valley.
→ Raj Gonds of Adilabad dance during the celebrations of DIWALI known as ‘Gusadi’.
→ Kuchipudi is a group form of dance-drama from Kuchipudi, a village in Andhra Pradesh.
→ Golla Suddulu were practiced by shepherds who migrated from place to place.
→ Burrakatha is a Telugu art of storytelling. Its origin is associated with the Virashaiva movement in the 12 & 13 centuries.
→ The British and Nizam governments harassed Burrakatha artists as they suspected them of spreading rebellious ideas among people.
→ Progressive artists of the Communist Party set up the Praja Natya Mandali in 1943.
→ Tholubommalata is a shadow puppet show performed by traveling artists.
→ The classical dances that were prevalent in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh then were called Sadir, Kuravanji, and Kuchipudi.
→ E.Krishna Iyer, Rukmini Devi, and Bala Saraswathi promoted this dance.
→ Under British rule, propaganda prevailed against Indian art, misrepresenting it as crude, immoral, and inferior to the concepts of western civilization.
→ Many are forced to use recorded music in dance performances to keep costs down.
→ Kathakali, Yakshagana, Odissi, Manipuri, Kathak are other dance forms like Bharata- Natyam.
→ Cymbals: A musical instrument consisting of a round brass plate that is either struck against another one or hit with a stick.
→ Anklets: Chains or bands worn around the ankle.
→ Alms: Money or food given to poor people as charitable donations.
→ Mime: The use of silent gestures and facial expressions to tell a story or convey a feeling.
→ Tarangam: It is a tough task in the Kuchipudi dance form. In this, the artist dances in a ‘Plate’ and keeps a vessel with water on his/her head, sometimes candles in their hands.
→ Nattuvanars: Dance masters, who usually were male children of devadasis.