Telangana SCERT TS 6th Class English Study Material Pdf Unit 2A Telangana, The Pride of the People Textbook Questions and Answers.
TS 6th Class English Guide Unit 2A Telangana, The Pride of the People
Look at the following pictures and discuss the questions that follow :
What do you know about the monuments and the dance shown in these pictures?
The monuments and the dance shown in the pictures are symbols of the culture of Telangana State.
What cultural importance do these monuments and dance have for us today?
The monuments and dance show the cultural heritage of Telangana. Even today, they show the ancient glory of the rulers, literature, language and festivals in vogue in those days.
Oral Discourse :
Talk on – Select any one of the above pictures and talk about it.
We know that there is a construction named Charminar in Hyderabad. Do you know who constructed it? The fifth ruler of Qutb Shahi dynasty, Sultan Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah built the Charminar in 1591. It was built after shifting his capital from Golconda to Hyderabad. Now, we see it as the land mark in Hyderabad. It is constructed at the intersection of the historical trade route that connects the markets of Golla konda with the port city of Machilipatnam.
The old city of Hyderabad was designed with Charminar centre. The city was spread around the Charminar in four different quadrants. Persian architects were invited to develop the city plan. It is of Indo Islamic architecture style. There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the Golla konda fort to Charminar. It may be an escape route in case of war. A person who visits Hyderabad would certainly visit Charminar. If we go to the top of Charminar, we can have a full view of Hyderabad.
I. Answer the following questions :
Why do you think Hari was so emotional?
Hari saw in the newspaper that the union government has declared Telangana as the 29th state of the country. So it is a red letter day for them. So he was emotional.
What was the long lasting dream of the people? How did it become true?
The long lasting dream of the people was to have a separate state of their own. It took many years for the government to take this decision. Atlast, after many people sacrificed their lives, they got it.
How is our culture manifested?
Our culture is manifested through temples, antiques, art forms, literature and language.
What is your favourite festival? Why do you like it?
My favourite festival is Bonalu. It is the state festival. It is celebrated during Ashaadam as a thanks giving ceremony to goddess Mahankali. The decorated ghatams containing rice cooked with milk and jaggery is taken in a procession singing songs. This procession is really attractive. So I like this festival.
What should we do to preserve our culture?
We have to renovate our temples, revive our art forms, literature and language to preserve our culture.
What should the government do to preserve our culture and heritage?
It is necessary on the part of the Government to see that these are revived and preserved.
II. Say whether the following statements are True or False. Correct the False statements.
1. Bonalu is celebrated as Part of Dasara (False)
Bonalu is a thanks giving festival to the goddess Mahankali. This comes in Ashaadam. (True)
2. The ghatams are immersed in the local tanks and ponds. (False)
The ghatams are offered to the local goddess. (True)
3. Siricilla weavers produce excellent sarees with attractive patterns. (False)
Sarees of Pochampally, Gadwal and Narayanpet are very popular for their attractive patterns. (True)
4. Peerla Panduga is the symbol of religious tolerance. (True)
5. We can see a large number of antiques in the Salar Jung Museum. (True)
Read the following sentences focusing on the underlined words.
i. We saw the jubilant procession.
ii. Oggu Katha is a very popular folklore.
iii. The sarees of Pochampally, Gadwal and Narayanpet are very popular for their attractive patterns.
The underlined words help us to express our opinion. They are opinion adjectives.
Complete the following passage using the adjectives given in the box.
small, attractive, flightless, different
Squirrels are ____ animals and so everyone likes them. They are found in ____ colours. They are ____ but can move very fast. They eat nuts, fruits and sometimes insects. They are ____ because they can only jump short distances. Most of the squirrels live in tree holes. They even store their food there.
Squirrels are attractive animals and so everyone likes them. They are found in different colours. They are flightless but can move very fast. They eat nuts, fruits and sometimes insects. They are small because they can only jump short distances. Most of the squirrels live in tree holes. They even store their food there.
Read the following from the narrative:
i. “Now, there is more scope for development. Moreover, we can revive our culture.”
ii. We celebrate the main festivals as well as the regional festivals iii. Besides, we have jataras .
iv. And the Salar Jung Museum is one of the three national museums.
v. Not only that, our great poets contributed to our rich culture.
The highlighted expressions help us in linking our ideas.
Rewrite the following using the linkers given in brackets.
1. She sings Telugu songs. She sings Hindi songs. (and)
She sings Telugu and Hindi songs.
2. She works on computer. She designs prog amme:- (not only-but al:o)
She works not only on computer but designs programmes also.
3. She likes music very much. She likes books (besides)
Besides music she likes books.
Read the following passage. There is an error in each sentence. Identify and edit it.
Laxmi was reading a story-book sitting of a train. It were very interesting. The story was out an wise man. Just then, an old man came there. He was not able to carry his laggaes. He asking Laxmi’s father, “Can you please help me?” He helped the old me.
1. sitting in a train.
2. It was very interesting.
about a wise man.
carry his luggage.
5. He asked Laxmi’s father.
Your school planned a picnic to a place of cultural importance in your district. Write a conversation between vou and your friend about it. You may use the following.
– Place selected for the visit
– Its importance
– Need to visit
You : Hello! Venkat. Where’re you going?
Venkat : To the market.
You : Why didn’t you come to school today?
Venkat : I’ve some work at home.
You : You know, our school planned a picnic next Saturday.
Venkat : Where to?
You : To Warangal.
Venkat : It’s a nice place.
You : Are you going to join?
Venkat : I know its importance, I’ll certainly join.
You : What’s its importance?
Venkat : In olden days, it was under Kakatiya kingdom. There’re beautiful forts, temples and constructions.
You : I heard it’s famous for thousand pillar temple.
Venkat : True. There is a wild life sanctuary also.
You : So you’re coming.
Venkat : Sure.
Study Skills :
Answer the following questions:
Name the topper.
Swetha is the topper.
Which two students scored equal percentage of marks?
Mamatha and Sruthi Geetha
Who goi the lowest percentage of marks?
Manjula andu Bhanu Prasadi.
How many have scored above eighty percentage of marks ?
Comment on the overall performance of the students.
Every student performed well getting more than 60 percent of marks. The over all performance is good.
Who performed better, boys or girls ? Support your answer.
Five boys scored more than 75 percent whereas only three girls scored more than 75 percent. So the performance of the boys seems to be better
Listening and Speaking :
I. Sambaiah is a boy from Warangal. Listen to him and put the Tick (✓) mark to the statements that are true.
Hi, I’m Sambaiah. I’m from palampet, it is about 80 kilometers away from Warangal city. Have you ever heard about the Ramappa Temple ? It is located in our village!. This temple was built in 1213 Answer 😀 by Racherla Rudra during the period of of the Kakatiya ruler GanapatidevAnswer : It was completed in 40 years. You know, it’s the only temple that was named after the architect Ramappa, who built it !
This temple is famous for beautiful carvings and attractive statues. The pillars of the temple produce music when we hit them gently. Unlike the other temples, the Nandi in this temple is in alert position, waiting for the order of Lord ShivAnswer :
One more interesting thing is that the bricks of the temple float on water !. Maha Shivaratri is celebrated for three days here. People come from different parts and offer special prayers. They take the bricks of the temple with them as the token of our temple.
Feeling interested? Come to our village on a holiday trip !
1. Ramappa temple is located in Warangal city. (✓)
2. The Ramappa temple is famous for statues and carvings. (✓)
3. The bricks of the temple are very heavy. (✗)
4. The Nandi in the temple is different. (✓)
5. The people who visit the temple take the statues with them. (✗)
II. Group Work : Have you ever been to any famous place in Telangana ? Talk about it in your group.
Dear Friends, recently I had been to Warangal. It is also called Orugallu. It was the capital of the Kakatiya dynasty from 1195 until the ruling family was defeated by the Delhi Sultanate in 1323 . The city was renamed as Sultanpur. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including the beautiful fort, the stone gateways, the Swayambhoo temple and the Ramappa temple. Their cultures and administration was described by Marcopolo.
After the defeat of Prataparudra – II, the Nayaks captured Warangal and ruled for fifty years. After Nayaks. Warangal became a part of the Bahaman’s of GolcondAnswer : Later Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687. So it became a part of the Mughal Empire. After that, the Hyderabad State was formed in 1724 which included the Telangana region. It was annexed to India in 1948.
Then it was partitioned as part of States Reorganisation Act and Telangana which includes Warangal . Many hill rocks and lakes are located around warangal. Thousand Pillar Temple, Padmakshi hill and Govind Rajula Gutta are very famous.
Telangana, The Pride of the People Summary in English
The Union government declared Telangana as the 29th state of the country. Many people sacrificed their lives for a separate state for Telangana region.
Now, there are more chances for employment and inclusive development.
People of Telangana celebrate the main festivals as well as the regional festivals. Festivals like Bonalu, Bathukamma and Peerla Panduga reflect the life of Telangana.
Bonalu is celebrated during Aashadam as thanks giving to the goddess Mahankali for fulfilling wishes.
Bathukamma festival is celebrated as part of Dasara. The festival has historical and religious significance.
Moharram is celebrated in many parts of our Telangana state. It is the symbol of religious tolerence. The festivals reflect in life style.
The sarees of Pochampally, Gadwal and Narayanpet of Telangana state are very popular for their attractive patterns. Weavers of Sirsilla produce sarees that fit in a matchbox. The wooden toys of Nirmal steal hearts of every one.
Besides there are Jataras in Telangana state. The Sammakka and Saralamma Jatara of Medaram, Warangal is one of the biggest gathering in the world.
There are several places of attraction in the state. Hyderabad, Nagarjunasagar, Yadagiri, Vemulavada, Alampur, Sri Rangapuram and Bhadrachalam are some among them.
The Salar Jung Museum of Hyderabad is one of the three National museums which has antiques and portraits collected by a single person.
Many great poets contributed to the rich culture of Telangana State. Bammera Pothana’s Bhagavatam is known for its literary fragrance. Kancherla Gopanna, known as Bhakta Ramadasu, made the literature great with his keerthanas. Malliganti Suri, Kaloji Narayana Rao, Dasharathi Rangacharyulu and Dasharathi Krishnamacharyulu are the Jewels of Telangana.
Oggu Katha is a very popular folklore, singing, praising and narrating the stories of Mallanna, Beerappa and Yellamma.
The temples, the antiques, the art forms, the literature and the language contribute to the culture and heritage of Telangana.
casket (n) : a small, decorated box for keeping jewellery and valuables
emotion (n) : excitement
red letter day : a very important day
dialect (n) : a form of language
fervor (n) : a strong feeling of enthusiasm
fete (n) : public celebration
culminate (v) : reach the end of something
significance (n) : importance
religious tolerance : accepting the feelings of all religions
immerse (v) : to put into water
weaver (v) : one who makes cloth
antiques (n) : things that are old and valuable
revive (v) : to make active again
preserve (v) : to keep in good condition
dedicate (v) : to devote
pattern (n) : an arrangement of a design
portrait (n) : a painting
invocation (n) : prayer
prominence (n) : importance