Telangana SCERT TS 6th Class Social Guide Pdf 15th Lesson Diversity in Our Society Textbook Questions and Answers.
Diversity in Our Society – TS 6th Class Social 15th Lesson Questions and Answers Telangana
Give two examples that reveal the diversity in your neighbourhood.
I have a friend. He belongs to Tamil Nadu. He is a Muslim. He shifted here in search of job. Finally he got the job in my organization. He usually comes to my home. My mother dislikes him because he is a Muslim. His way of speaking Telugu is somewhat different as we speak. Whenever I go to his home, his family members specially female members don’t come out from their rooms. Because they believe in Purdah system. His favourite sport is Tennis. 1 like to play cricket. My favourite festivals are Vinayaka Chaviti, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, Ugadi etc. His favourite festivals are Idul Fitr, Bakrid, Muharram and Ramjan.
Prepare a table of similar items of different religions which depict unity.
The religions Islam and Christianity have different features but both the religions teach one god, universal brotherhood and equality.
|1. The founder of Islam was prophet Mohammad.||1. Lord Jesus Christ found Christianity.|
|2. Teachings : God is one, man is non entity. Islam teaches worship of one god, universal brotherhood and equality.||2. Teachings : This religion preached love, kindness and mercy. It preached repentance, non-violence and truth.|
|3. . The Muslims’ holy book is “Quran”||3. The Christians’ holy book is Bible.|
|4. The Qutub Minar, Juma Masjid, Red Fort and Taj Mahal were good examples of art and architecture.||4. Bethleham is the holy city of Christians.|
|5. Muslims celebrate the festivals Ramjan, Bakrid, Muharram.||5. Christians celebrate Christmas and Good Fiday|
In spite of all these diversities there is unity among the people. They fought against the British. In the times of natural disasters people wholeheartedly contribute for migrating the sufferings.
How do you say the national sports meet develops unity in diversity ?
The sport persons meet in many places for the sports meets. There they exchange their views, feelings, customs and traditions. They concentrate on medals irrespective of their region. Thus they develop unity in diversity.
Prepare a list of festivals that are celebrated in your locality. Which of them are shared by members of different regional and religious communities?
|Different festivals in our locality||Celebrated by different Regional & Religious communities||Shared by members of different communities|
|1. Ugadi||Hindus||Muslims & Christians|
|2. Sreeramanavami||Hindus||Muslims & Christians|
|3. Sankranti||Hindus||Muslims & Christians|
|4. Id. Bakrid, Muharram||Muslims||Hindus & Christians|
|5. X-mas. Good Friday||Christians||Hindus & Muslims|
In what ways does living in India with its rich heritage of diversity add to your life?
Yes, living in India with its rich heritage of diversity adds to our life.
- We know different people, their language, culture, customs, traditions. Thus diversity adds to our life.
- Geographical diversities decide our way of life, our food, our occupations and many other things.
- People learn to eat food of different regions.
- We love our language, culture, customs, traditions, festivals, etc.
Collect pictures and contributions of freedom fighters of different regions and prepare a book containing their biographies.
i) Mangal Pandey : (19-7-1827 to 08-04-1857) ‘A HERO of 1857 War of Independence’
A sepoy of 34th regiment of B.N.I of English East India Company. He was known for the first war of Indian independence in 1857. He was born in ‘Nagwa’ village of ‘Ballia’ district in U.P. At the age of 22 years he joined the army. At Barrackpur, on 29-3-1857 he shot the ‘Lieutenant Baugh’ but missed. Then he drew his sword and killed him. Thus he started the war and then it was spread to the other parts of the country.
ii) Jhansi Laxmi Bai – ‘Veera NarV (19-11-1835 to 17-06-1858)
She was the Queen of Maratha- ‘Jhansi’. During the time of first war of independence -1857, she fought bravely with British troops. She was praised and commented as ‘persevering, clever, beautiful and the most dangerous of all Indian leaders.
iii) Netaji – Subhash Chandra Bose : Hero of World War – II (23-01-1892 to 18-08-1945) (unconFirmed)
He was born in Cuttack, Orissa, but he was a Bengali. He inspired the Indian politics during the British rule. He took over Indian National Army form Mohan Singh in Singapore in Sept.
1942. Its slogans were Jaihind, Inquilab Zindabad. The date of his death wras unconfirmed till now. .
iv) Sardar Vallabhai Patel: Iron man of India (31-10-1875 to 15-12-1950) Gujarathi.
He was an Indian barrister and statesman. He is famous for his actions for political integration of IndiAnswer:
v) Bhogaraju Pattabhi Seetharamaiah :
Born on 24-11-1880. Hero of Andhra Pradesh. He wrote The History of the Congress’ in 1935. He ran successfully for Congress Presidency in 1948. On 28-11-1923, he established Andhra Bank in Machilipatnam, Krishna district.
Design a pamphlet giving illustrations that depict the unique feature of India’s Unity in diversity.
Serve the country :
We are many but all are one. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh we are many but all are one. Chirapunji of heavy rainfall, the desert of least rainfall are two but two are in IndiAnswer: Many languages, many religious, many festivals many customs and traditions but all are one. We are many bodies but souls are united. So be Indians behave like Indians. “Serve the country, serve yourself”.
Fill in the following table.
|Item||Myself||Friend (Male)||Friend (Female)|
Do you consider the differences in the above items as obstacles to continue your friendship ? Justify.
|Food||South India food (Rice, dal, curries, curd)||North India food||Maharashtrian food|
|House||Tiled roof||Pucca building||Tar shed|
|Festivals||Ugadi, Sankranti, Diwali, Dussehra, etc.||Holi, Sankranti, Diwali etc.||Diwali, Holi, Baisakhi, etc.|
|Any other||Middle class||Upper middle class||BPL|
The above items are not obstacles to continue our friendship. “Friendship is a ship that can be sailed happily even in a cyclone.”
Locate the following in India map.
a) Thar desert
‘How does diversity come about ?’ Answer this question based on what you have learnt about the Thar, Sikkim and Pondicherry.
People should move from one place to another due to many reasons. They carry their religion, customs & traditions where ever they go. They learn the religions rituals, customs and traditions of the natives and they make the others also to learn their own things. Thus diversity comes about.
I. Conceptual Understanding
Explain the diversity in IndiAnswer:
We live in a country in which people of different abilities, languages, cultures, religions, etc. live together. Such diversity makes life richer and varied. There are 29 states in India, each with its own language, culture, food, etc. Even within one state we can see people speaking many different languages, following different religions, eating different kinds of food, observing different kinds of festivals and wearing different kinds of dresses. The interesting thing is that slowly people adopt each others’ dresses, food, festivals, language and even religious ideas. This makes everyone’s life richer and more diverse.
Choose another region of India and do a similar study of the historical and geographical factors that influence the diversity found there. Are there historical
and Geographical factors connected to each other? How? Describe.
|1. Pleateau Topography – Konkan||1. Brahmaputra River Valley|
|2. Hot and moderately wet ,||2. Hot and wet|
|3. Less forested, rice, wheat, sugarcane, cotton||3. Dense forest|
|1. Traders from overseas||1. Traders from China|
|2. Traders from within the country||2. Traders from outside the country|
|1. Kerala is a state in the south west corner of India surrounded by sea one side, by hills on the other.||1. Ladakh is a desert in the mountains in the eastern part of Jammu and Kashmir.|
|2. Spices like pepper, cloves cardamoms are grown on the hills.||2. Very little agriculture is possibje because of scanty rainfall.|
|3. The fertile land and climate are suited to grow rice.||3. Large area is covered with snow.|
|4. Majority of people eat rice, fish and vegetables.||4. People eat meat and milk products like cheese and butter.|
|5. Because of historical back¬ground different religions like Judaism, Islam, Christianity and Buddhism are practised.||5. Buddhism reached Tibet via Ladakh. Muslim population reached 400 years before.|
The geography of Kerala allowed for the cultivation of spices and it attracted the traders of China and Arab. So also the geography of Ladakh made it grow sheep and produce wool. It drew traders of China and Arab. Thus history and geography are often connected.
What do you know about the “Thar desert” ?
Thar desert is situated on the border of India and Pakistan. A large part of it is in Marwar region of Rajasthan state. This place receives very little rain and there are no large rivers flowing. As a result very few trees grow here and very few crops can be grown. Only grass grows here. People here mainly depend upon grazing sheep, goats aind camel. They take great care to store rain water for drinking for the animals and human beings and also for some agriculture.
Describe the characteristic features of Sikkim.
Sikkim is a small state situated in the eastern parts of the Himalayan mountains. Kanchenjunga, one of the highest peaks of the Himalayas is in Sikkim. In this region there are valleys, mountains, lakes with snow and thick forests. It remains cold throughout the year and the place is covered with snow in winter. It also rains heavily in monsoon and many rivers flow through the valleys.
II. Reading the Text (given), Understanding and Interpretation
How does diversity come about?
People of all times went about in search of new lands and settled at new places. Sometimes they went to trade; sometimes they left their homes due to floods or drought or epidemics; some others travelled because of wars and conflicts. They brought their languages, religions and cultures to the new place and tried to follow them in the new place also. Gradually they mixed with the people of those areas, adopted many of their things and also taught many of their own things to them.
How was unity in diversity seen during the British rule in India ?
India’s diversity has always been recognised as a source of its strength.
- When the British ruled India, women and men from different cultures, regions and regional backgrounds came together to oppose them.
- The people in India worked together in the freedom struggle.
- They went to jail together.
- They worked together to decide joint actions.
- They acted as one against the British. Though people were different, they got united in the battle against the British.
- This struggle is also called the National Movement.
- Chirala – Perala movement in Andhra Pradesh is an example for such unity.
Read the last para (Over the past …………… National movement) and comment on it.
Over the past centuries India emerged as a country with shared cultures, religions, political systems etc. along with the diversity. This history of diversity and integration helped India people to come together as a nation to fight the British Rule. This common struggle is called the ‘National Movement.
- When Britishers ruled India, their colonial rule made all classes of Indian people suffer one way or the other.
- That is why all the people united and waged a common struggle against the British.
- Women and men from different cultures, religions, regional backgrounds came together to oppose the British.
- We also called this struggle as National Movement.
III. Information skills
1. Read the following passage.
Thar Desert is situated on the border of India and Pakistan. A large part of it is in Marwar region of Rajasthan state. This place receives very little rainfall and there are no latge rivers flowing. As a result very few trees grow here and very few crops can be cultivated. Only grass grows here. People here mainly depend upon grazing sheep, goats and camels. The shepherds usually travel across many states (Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat) with their herds and usually come back before the rainy season to Thar. They make a living by selling goats and wool of the sheep.
Now answer the following questions.
1) Where is the Thar Desert situated ?
Thar Desert is situated on the border of India and Pakistan. A large part of it is in Marwar region.
2) What are the types of trees that grow in Thar Desert ?
This place receives very little rain and there are no large rivers flowing. As a result very few trees grow here and very few crops can be grown. Only grass grows here.
3) Name the important animals of the Thar Desert.
Sheep, goats and camels.
4) Where do the shepherds usually travel to ?
The shepherds usually travel across many states (Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarath) with their herds.
5) What do they sell ?
They make a living by selling goats and wool of the sheep.
IV. Reflection on Contemporary Issues and Questioning
Can you list the differences between Student Suman and Vegetable Suman ?
|Student Suman||Vegetable Suman|
|1. Mother Tongue||Telugu||Hindi|
|2. The states they come from||Telangana||Bihar|
|3. The work they do||Suman is a student.||Suman’s mother runs a vegetable shop. Suman assists his mother.|
|4. Opportunities they have||Student Suman had the opportunity to go to school.||Vegetable Suman did not have the opportunity to go to school.|
Vegetable Suman did not go to school. Why do you think he was not able to go to school ?
Vegetable Suman did not have the opportunity to attend school. Perhaps you’ve noticed that there are several people in the area where you live who are poor and who don’t have enough to eat or wear and sometimes not even a place to live. This difference is not the same as the one we have seen earlier. Here, we’re talking not of difference but of inequality. Inequality comes about when a person does not have the resources and opportunities that are available to other persons. Some people are denied opportunities like education and good health because of poverty.
Name the different religions settled down in Thar desert region.
Over centuries people of many religions like Bohra Muslims, Sunni Muslims, Shia Muslims, Jains, Shaivas, Vaishnavas and Sikhs settled down in the towns and cities of Thar desert region.
What are the agricultural products in Sikkim ?
People grow crops like maize, paddy, wheat, cardamom, ginger, etc. on stepped terraces cut on hill slopes. They also have tea and orange gardens. People also rear sheep and an animal called yak which gives meat, fur and milk.
VI. Appreciation and Sensitivity
“As many as eleven languages are spoken by the people of Sikkim !” Find the reason.
Sikkim is on the boundary between India, Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet (China). That is why people from all these areas have settled down here. Some are Nepalese, some are Tibetans and Bhutanese. As many as eleven languages are spoken by the people of Sikkim ! They have close relation with Tibetans, Lamas who brought Buddhism to this areAnswer: They established many beautiful monasteries in Sikkim.
TS 6th Class Social 15th Lesson Notes – Diversity in Our Society
- Diversity : A range of many people oi things that are very different from each other. Not only do they look different but they might also belong to different regional, cultural or religious backgrounds.
- Colonial Ruie : Connected i ule with or belonging to a country that controls another country.
- Culture : The customs and beliefs, arts, way of life and social organisation of a particular country or group
- Lama : A Buddhist monk from Tibet or Mongolia
- Patriotic : A person who loves his country and who is ready to defend it against an enemy.
- Desert : A large area of land that has very little water and very few plants growing on it Many deserts are covered by sand. Thar desert Is situated on the border of India and Pakistan.
- Drought : A long period of time when there is little or no rain
- Tax : Money that you have to pay to the government so that it can pay for public services, people pay tax according to their income and business and according to their profits