Telangana SCERT TS 6th Class Social Study Material Pdf 1st Lesson Reading and Making Maps Textbook Questions and Answers.
Reading and Making Maps – TS 6th Class Social 1st Lesson Questions and Answers Telangana
Collect different kinds of maps and study them. If you have any doubts clarify them with your teacher.
Project work / Self exercise.
Find out the distance from your mandal headquarter to the district headquarter by converting the map distance into actual distance.
- Our mandal headquarter is Atmakur and district headquarter is Wanaparthy.
Scale : 1 cm = 10 kms
- The map distance between mandal and district headquarter is 3.1 cms.
- Scale of the map is 1 cm equal to 10 kms.
- So the actual distance between them is 31 kms.
Why is the actual distance on the ground reduced on the map ?
it is impossible to draw a map showing actual distances. So we use ‘scale’ for showing the actual distance on the ground in a reduced manner on the map.
Explain the need of symbols in preparing maps.
Maps are too small for us to draw pictures of the things shown on them. For example, we can’t draw the real school or bus stand or Mallika’s house as it will take too much space on the map. Therefore, we always show things on a map with the help of symbols. Map makers prepare symbols appropriate to their needs. But some common symbols which are called “conventional symbols” are also used.
Draw the symbols representing different waterbodies, places of worship and public offices on a drawing sheet and present it in the class.
1. Water bodies :
2. Worshipping places:
3. Public Offices:
PS: Police Station
PO : Post Office
RS: Railway Station
PTO : Post and Telegraph Office.
Draw a sketch of your house and change it into map.
Student’s Self exercise.
What are the important features of a map ?
Important features of a map are
- It is drawn to a scale.
- It is drawn on a paper or any plain surface.
- Various regions, landforms, weather conditions, forests, population, etc. are shown on the map.
Read the paragraph titled ‘Symbols’ of page no. 12 (6) and comment on it.
A map symbol is something that is used, to represent an object in a map. It may either be a shape or a colour. Where for instance, a small circle may mean a particular point of interest, a green circle may mean rest stop and a brown circle may mean recreation. Colours cover larger areas of a map like green representing a forested land and blue standing for water ways.
Observe the different maps present in the Atlas and fill the table with details.
|Name of the map||Symbols used||Important: features|
I. Conceptual Understanding
What are the advantages of reading and making maps ?
The advantages of reading and making maps : Maps tell us several things about different places; where they are; whether they are on the sea or on a mountain or in a desert; how hot or cold or rainy they are; what kind of trees and plants grow; what kind of people live there – the language they speak, the work they do, their buildings, etc. We can know many details about a place from maps. There are different kinds of maps-physical maps, political maps, historical maps, etc.
Define scale of sketch.
Scale of sketch : We use scale for showing the actual distance on the ground in a reduced manner on a map. Maps always mention the scale they use and we can find out the actual distances between places using the scale.
In the above sketch, the distance between Wanaparthy and Mahabubnagar is 43 kms. Distance between Wanaparthy and Mahabubnagar on the map is 4.3 cms.
What is a Map ?
- When the spherical earth is drawn to a scale on a paper or any plain surface’, it is called map.
- It is a device to show the surface of the earth or various geographical features on i ; fully or partly.
- It also helps to show the world or a state or small region on it.
How are maps prepared ?
Usually maps are prepared in such a manner that the North side is at the top of the map and the South side is at the bottom. So, the East side is on the right and the Wesi side is on the left.
II. Reading the text (given), understanding and interpretation
Draw the conventional signs for the following features,
(c) Kutcha Road
(h) Pucca Road
What Eire the different types of Maps ?
Maps are of many types :
- Political Maps : Maps which show political divisions only are called political maps.
- physical Maps : Maps showing land forms like mountains, plateaus anc plains are called physical maps.
- weather Maps : They show weather conditions of regions.
- Population Maps : Population Maps show the distribution of population of u country or a place.
What do the Maps tell us ?
Maps tell us several things about different places ; where they are ; whether they are on the sea or on a mountain or in a desert; how hot or cold or rainy they are: what kind of trees and plants grow there ; what kind of people live there – the language they speak, the work they do, their buildings, etc. You can know many details about a place from maps. There are different maps-physical maps, political maps, historical maps, etc., to get all the information.
Which map provides detailed information ?
What do you mean by the term the scale of the map ?
Large scale maps provide more detailed information than the small scale map. The scale of the map is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. Ex : 1 cm : 5 kms
III. Information Skills
Observe the following table carefully and answer the questions given here under.
1) The following symbol is known for
2) In the table which symbol indicates tank ?
3) In the table which symbol indicates Temple ?
4) Among the following which symbol is not given in the table ?
d) Tar Road
d) Tar Road
5) The symbol indicates …………….
IV. Reflection on contemporary issues and questioning
In your observation what are the important features of a map ?
In my observation directions, scale, symbols and conventional symbols are the important features of a map.
What are the four cardinal directions and what Eire the three components of a map?
There are four major directions : North. East. West, South. They are called cardinal directions. The three components of a map are
V. Mapping Skills
No Questions were given under this Academic Standard.
VI. Appreciation and Sensitivity
“Maps and symbols provide more information” Explain them.
Map is a conventional picture of an area drawn. It shows the important features with symbols. It is not possible to draw a map in the actual shape and size with different features such as buildings, rivers, bridges, trees, railway lines, etc. So they are shown by using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines. These symbols give a lot of information and help in reading maps.
1. Prepare a map of your classroom using the following instructions:
(a) First, find the four directions in your classroom by facing the North.
(b) Make a list of all the walls, doors, windows, blackboards, almirahs, etc. that you want to show on the map. Make symbols for them in your notebook.
(c) Draw a sketch map of the classroom with walls and location of the objects you want to show. Make sure to draw the northern wall on the top of the sketch.
(d) Now, split into small groups and measure the length of each wall with the help of a scale. Write down the distances on the sketch map.
(e) Draw a map of the classroom by selecting appropriate scale. It can be one centimetre for one meter. So if a wall is 7 metres long, you will have to make a 7 centimetres long line on paper.
(f) After making the walls, draw the symbols for windows and doors at the right places. Then draw the symbols for other objects like almirah, black board, table, etc.
(g) Make an index of the symbols you have used in the map and also mention the Scale.
(h) Compare your map with your friends’ maps and make corrections if there are any.
TS 6th Class Social 1st Lesson Notes – Reading and Making Maps
- Sketch : A simple picture that is drawn quickly and does not have many details.
- Map : A drawing or plan of earth’s surface or part of it showing countries, towns, rivers, etc.
- Scale : The size or extent of something especially when compared with something else.
- Direction : The general position a person or thing moves or points towards.
- Relative Direction : Considered and judged by being compared with something else.
- Conventional symbols : Map makers prepare symbols appropriate to their needs. But some common symbols which are called “conventional symbols” are also used.
- Scale of the Sketch : We use scale for showing the actual distance on the ground in a reduced manner on a map. 5 cm on the sketch map : metres on the bridge.
- Scale of Map : The relation between the actual size of something and its size on a map, diagram (or) model that represents it.