Telangana SCERT 8th Class English Study Material Telangana Unit 5B The Treasure Within Part 2 Textbook Questions and Answers.
TS 8th Class English Guide Unit 5B The Treasure Within Part 2
I. Answer the following questions :
Why couldn’t Hafeez join either the police or the army?
Hafeez didn’t join the police force because his mother instructed him not to join it. She asked him to do his graduation. He couldn’t join the army because his aunt tore up his admission letter showing her strong dissent for his joining the army.
What made Hafeez become an architect?
Hafeez had to learn French after his German teacher had died. So, he learnt French from his cousin. Her husband was an architect. So, he went to the architect’s office to learn French. There he saw a person drawing window details. Hafeez told him that his drawing was wrong and the window would not open. Indeed the person’s drawing was wrong. His cousin’s husband was surprised and advised him to join architecture immediately, appreciating his genius in it.
Why did Hafeez’s teacher think that he could become an architect?
Hafeez’s teacher thought that he could become an architect because she observed his sketches which were extraordinary to look at. She was impressed a lot and predicted that he would become an architect when he grew up.
Why do you think Hafeez was not interested in studies?
Hafeez was not interested in studies because he was very poor at languages and mathematics. He was studying for the sake of a ritual. Whatever his teachers taught him, he forgot after two days. And did not even bother to listen because there was no application of mind in studies.
Comment on the statement “giftedness and learning disabilities go hand in hand”. How do Hafeez’s experiences support this statement?
Hafeez found many of his (friends) classmates who used to get first or second in his class, doing ordinary jobs. He even stressed that he learned more things by doing them by himself than getting them from the school.
What according to Hafeez is ‘Mathematics’? Do you agree with his view of mathematics? Give reasons.
Putting design, construction, psychology and sociology together and making a sketch from all that is called mathematics according to Hafeez. Individually he did not like mathematics as a subject. But he was applying mathematics in his practical work. He felt it was convenient and he enjoyed working with it. He was a man who liked application of mind. He could always enjoy mathematics in his practical work.
I. Read the following sentence taken from the text.
‘I used to get continuous nightmares about appearing for a maths examination’.
The word ‘nightmare’ means a frightening dream.
Have you ever had a nightmare? What was it about?
I used to have a nightmare in which snakes were chasing me.
Now, read the following sentences and find the appropriate meaning.
1. Varun is interested in archeology.
= Something that excites to do.
2. I was so much absorbed in the match that I didn’t notice the thief come in. = So interested in one thing that you forget yourself.
3. The students listened raptly to the lecture.
= pay undivided attention.
4. The mysterious story engrossed the readers all the way to a surprise ending. = completely involved.
5. Her painting never fails to fascinate the viewers.
Now, observe the following table and put a tick (✓) in the grid where the element of meaning relates to the particular words according to the sentences given before.
II. Look at the following sentence taken from the text. “I used to have this terrible nightmare.”
The word ‘terrible’ intensifies the meaning of the word ‘nightmare’ in a negative sense.
Can we say ‘terrible flower’ or ‘terrible success’? We cannot, because flower and success are pleasant things.
A. Write a few words that can go with the word ‘terrible’ and use them in your own sentences. One is done for you.
1. terrible experience : We had a terrible experience when we met with an accident.
2. terrible nuisance : She is a problematic parent. Hers is a terrible nuisance.
3. terrible climate : It’s a terrible climate It’s very cold.
4. terrible news : We have received a terrible news. The earthquake may lead to Tsunami.
5. terrible condition : I am in a terrible condition.
I have to fulfil many of my needs.
B. Look at the following words and write the possible word combinations.
1. ugly : dirty, not beautiful ugly face, ugly dress, ugly qualities.
a) My friend has an ugly face.
b) He always wears an ugly dress.
c) She has many ugly qualities.
2. sweet : pleasant, happy sweet voice, sweet smell, sweet memories.
a) She has a sweet voice.
b) The rose has a sweet smell.
c) Sweet memories of my childhood days reign me.
3. difficult : hard, not easy to do difficult sum, difficult job, difficult problem
a) I cannot solve that difficult sum.
b) I am doing a difficult job these days.
c) He cannot solve that difficult problem.
4. funny : entertaining, humorous funny story, funny game, funny action.
a) I read a funny story yesterday.
b) It was really a funny game.
c) He always does funny actions.
5. horrible : fearful, very bad horrible scene, horrible noise, horrible appearance.
a) I saw a horrible scene last night.
b) I cannot bear that horrible noise.
c) He has a horrible appearance.
6. ordinary : usual, not special ordinary life, ordinary occasion, ordinary situation.
a) He leads an ordinary life.
b) On ordinary occasions, I wear a simple dress.
c) Why do you hesitate ? It is an ordinary situation.
C. Use the above combinations in your own sentences and write them in your notebook.
1. It’s an unpleasant experience.
2. There’s a threatening call.
3. The violent storm hit the coast.
4. He is kind hearted.
5. I have a pleasant experience.
6. Writing solutions to grammatical exercises is not an easy task.
7. The joke you played, is an amusing one.
8. It is very bad to hear of the death of ‘NIRBHAYA’
9. I usually go for walking.
10. That is not a special gift.
III. Look at the following word taken from the text.
Does the word ‘board’ have only one meaning or more than one meaning?
Let us now understand the different meanings of ‘board’
a ‘board’ as a noun can be:
1. a piece of wood
2. a group of decision-making people in an organisation/institution
3. an organisation
4. the stage in theatre
5. meals provided during the stay in a hotel.
Similarly, the same word ‘board’ can have the following meanings when it acts as a verb.
1. to get on plane/ship, etc.
2. to pay to eat meals and sleep in someone’s house
3. to arrange for a pet animal temporarily.
A. Read the following paragraph carefully. Write the different meanings of the word ‘present’ in the space provided.
Last Sunday, I attended Lahari’s birthday party. All her family members and friends were present (1) there. In the beginning of the party, Lahari’s father presented (2) Ms.Mrunalini Guptha, the world number one Kathak artist at present (3). Ms. Guptha did present (4) a scintillating show. I enjoyed the party a lot. At the end, I gave Lahari a marvellous present (5).
1. exist / attend (attended)
2. make known or introduced
3. The period of time which is happening now.
B. Pick out similar words from the text or elsewhere, that can be used as both a noun and a verb. Look them up in a dictionary and write their different meanings.
1. practice (noun) = tradition or custom.
2. practise (verb) = to do or play something regularly.
3. advice (noun) = an opinion someone offers.
4. advise (verb) = to give someone advice.
5. bind (verb) = to tie lightly or to fasten.
6. bind (noun) = a difficult situation in which you are prevented from acting.
I. In the interview, Hafeez Contractor shares his past experiences and habits saying.
“I used to be so interested in playing. I would receive caning every week”.
Both ‘used to’ and ‘would’ are used to talk about habitual actions of the past.
Pick out some more similar expressions from the text having “used to” and “would” and write in your notes.
I would forget after two days
I would not bother
We used to just copy
B. Tell your friends what you did normally when you were in class VII.
1. I used to make noise.
2. I would pinch my friends.
3. I used to complain against other friends.
4. I would help my friends in home work.
In the interview, you have read about Hafeez Contractor’s school experiences and career development. Now, imagine that Hafeez Contractor has been invited as the Chief Guest, as a part of the Children’s day. Prepare a script for compering the programme. Make a mock presentation in the class.
Hafeez Contractor was born in 1950. He did his Graduate Diploma in architecture from Mumbai in 1975 and completed his graduation from Columbia University, New York (USA) on a Tata Scholarship. Hafeez Contractor commenced his career with T. Khareghat as an apprentice architect and in 1977 he became the associate partner in the same firm. Between 1977 and 1980 Hafeez was a visiting faculty at the Academy of Architecture, Mumbai. He is a member of the Bombay Heritage Committee and New Delhi Lutyens Bunglow Zone Review Committee.
Contractor’s practice had modest beginnings in 1982 with a staff of two. Today the firm has over 350 employees including senior associates, architects, interior designers, draftsmen, a civil engineering team and architectural support staff. The firm has conceptualised, designed and executed a wide range of architectural projects like bungalows, residential developments, hospitals, hotels, corporate offices, banking and financial institutions, recreational and sports facilities, township, airports, railway stations, urban planning and civic redevelopment projects.
Follow the features of a compering given below.
Arrange the programme as required by the context.
Present the background.
Highlight the persons and events.
Give reviews and reflection relevant to the context.
Use polite and entertaining expressions.
Follow the conventions of the stage.
Respected famous architect and our chief guest, Mr. Hafeez, our beloved headmaster, dear teachers and my dear co-students.
Good morning to all of you.
Today, we have in our midst, the famous architect and our chief-guest, Mr. Hafeez. We have the honour to invite him to participate in our Independence Day celebrations. He gladly agreed inspite of having some other programme.
Let us now start the programme with a prayer. I request Lalitha to offer the prayer. Thank you Lalitha.
Next, moving to the programme proper, we are proud to have Mr. Hafeez in our midst. Mr. Hafeez is a famous architect. Though he was not much interested in his studies during his childhood days, one advice from his principal changed his life.
I now request Mr. Hafeez to grace the dais. Thank you, sir. I request our beloved headmaster to occupy his seat on the dais.
I now request our headmaster to present a bouquet to Mr. Hafeez.
Thank you, sir. I request Mr. Hafeez to give his valuable advice to us.
Thank you very much, sir for inspiring us with your valuable advice.
Now, a small playlet, will be played by IX class students. The next item is a song by K.Aruna of VIII class.
Excellent ! Let us appreciate them with a clap.
Now, the last item of the programme is vote of thanks. I request our teacher, Miss Sakuntala to propose the vote of thanks. Thank you, madam.
Listening Passage :
Respected MEO, our beloved headmaster, dear teachers and my fellow students, I wish you a very good morning and welcome you to the programme.
At the outset, I wish all the teachers a very happy Teacher’s Day.
As we all know that 5 th September is celebrated as Teacher’s Day as a mark of tribute to the contributions made by teachers to the society. It is also celebrated to commemorate the birth of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, A great educationist and former President of India.
Let us now start the programme with a prayer.
I invite Kamala and Vimala to offer the prayer.
Thank you, Kamala and Vimala for your wonderful prayer. To move to the next item of the programme, it is a moment of pride and honour for us to have our Mandal Educational Officer, who is an eminent scholar as the chief guest. Now I request him onto come to the dais and grace the occasion.
Next, I would like to invite our headmaster who is an inspiring personality to grace the occasion. I also request him to present a bouquet to our Chief Guest. Now I request our MEO to say a few words on the occasion.
Thank you very much sir, for giving your inspiring words to us.
Now you will watch a skit.
I’m sure you have liked the skit… once again, let us give them a big round of applause.
The next item is a group dance. It will be presented by Latha and her group from class IX. Hope you will enjoy it.
Wow! Fantastic, it is an excellent performance. Let us once again appreciate them by clapping.
Now, the last item of the programme is Vote of Thanks. I take this opportunity to invite Ms. Aparna to propose a vote of thanks. With that the programme has come to an end. Finally, I invite you all to have refreshments outside the hall. I thank one and all to make the event memorable and enjoyable.
Listen to a compering script prepared by a student on the occasion of the Teachers’ Day celebrations and answer the following questions.
How did the student begin compering?
The student began compering by welcoming the dignitaries and addressing the audience.
How did she/he arrange the different events of the programme?
First she/he invited the dignitaries on to the dais, later invited the chief guest on to the stage, before that he read out the biography of the chief guest in brief.
What were the highlights of the event?
The chief guest’s experiences touched the hearts of the audience. All the students were impressed by his address.
How did he/she conclude the programme?
The student concluded the programme by thanking all the audience and he told that the chief guest would be an inspiration to all the students. The chief guest would be a “role model” to all of them.
The Treasure Within Part-2 Summary in English
When the interviewer asked Mr. Hafeez Contractor how he was interested in architecture and got into that field, Mr. Hafeez said that he joined in a college where he had to choose either French or German as one of the subjects. He had taken French and succeeded in learning it. Everyday, he used to go to an architect’s office where his cousin was teaching him French. Mr. Hafeez once noticed a person who was drawing window details in the course of his duty. Hafeez immediately told that person that the window details of his drawing were wrong. The man did not accept Hafeez’s words. He challenged Hafeez to prove it. Later the person came to know that he was wrong and Hafeez was right.
All this was observed by his cousin’s husband. He immediately advised Hafeez to stop all his work and urged him to join architecture. But in those days the students who could score marks below 80%-85% would not be given admission in architecture. Hafeez passed with only 50%, but he was given admission, provided Hafeez had to write entrance examination. Then Hafeez scored good marks in the entrance test. He was given admission. After joining in the college of architecture he had become a famous architect. He shared some of his experiences with Ms. Bela Raja in the interview. He said that he prepared buttons to student with the help of chalk and helped them to be in proper uniform. He shared his views saying that he could easily estimate his clients’ needs. He said that he would observe his clients’ face, clothes, talking, pronunciation and the way they eat. Accordingly, he would give them his suitable plan. He said that many merit students who used always to secure first and second positions in his class, settled only in ordinary jobs. He opined that the Education system in most of the schools was making only people street smarts. He finally told that he learned many things out of his own interest striving very hard. He even remembered one of his teachers named Mrs. Gupta who predicted that one day he would become an architect. After becoming an architect, Hafeez himself went to his teacher and told her about his success.
1. architecture (n) : the art and study of designing buildings
2. stumbled on (v) : got into (architecture) by chance
3. offbeat ( adj ) : unusual = Poetry writing is an offbeat ability.
4. calling (n) : work of his choice
Usage: Writing is my calling.
5. cake walk ( n ) : something easy to achieve
6. defied (v) : broke
Usage :Your argument was defied.
7. instinctively (a d v) : naturally
Usage : I have done my job instinctively
8. ammunition (n) : be fired from guns
9. curriculum (n) : the subjects that are included in a course of study
Usage: Curriculum is very important in learning a course.
10. contention (n) : angry disagreement between people
11. spontaneously (a d v) : not planned
Additional Meanings :
12. nightmare : very upsetting and frightening dream
13. incurred : to become burdened
14. outstanding : exceptionally good
15. ammunition : explosives
16. interpretation : explanation