Telangana SCERT TS 8th Class English Study Material Pdf Unit 8A Dr. Dwarakanath Kotnis Textbook Questions and Answers.
TS 8th Class English Guide Unit 8A Dr. Dwarakanath Kotnis
PRE-READING (Motivation/Picture Interaction):
Look at the picture and answer the following questions:
Why do you think Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
I think Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her devoted services.
Do you know the name of any Indian who may have rendered any significant services in another country and is still remembered and honoured by the people there?
Yes. Sri Yallapragada Subbarao did research in medicine abroad. He is still remembered and honoured by the people there.
Oral Discourse Talk on – “Mention different ways to express our gratitude towards the people who serve the society.”
Different ways to express our gratitude towards the people who serve the society:
- honouring with awards
- releasing currency notes mints and stamps
- building some constructions
- installing statues
- naming of streets, villages and
- observing festivals cities after them
I. Answer the following questions :
Why was Dr. Kotnis sent to China?
The communist General Zhu De requested Jawaharlal Nehru to send Indian Physicians to China during the second Sino- Japanese war to help the wounded soldiers. Later Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose sent a team of volunteer doctors and Dr. Kotnis was one among them. Moreover as he came from a family of doctors, he had always dreamt of becoming a physician. When he got the chance to join the medical aid mission to China, he even put aside his post graduation and started to China.
What was Dr. Kotnis’ contribution to the Dr. Bethune International Peace Hospital in China?
He worked as a lecturer for sometime in the Military area at the Dr. Bethune Hygiene School. He took over the post of the first president of the Bethune International Peace Hospital after Dr. Norman Bethune passed away. Dr. Kotnis performed operations for 72 hours non-stop without any sleep. He played a major role in controlling a virulent strain of plague that hit Chinese soldiers. He strived hard for trying out a vaccine on himself for the plague.
Why did Dr. Kotnis opt to stay back in China?
Dr. Kotnis opted to stay back in China to continue his selfless services to the Chinese soldiers. He might have thought that, he could prove himself in rendering his great service as a physician.
How did the Chinese show their gratitude towards Dr. Kotnis?
In order to cherish the memory of Dr. Kotnis, the Chinese government built a memorial hall for him in Shijiazhuang city, Hebei Province in 1976. Along with Norman Bethune he is revered by them. On Qingming festival, a day used by the Chinese to commemorate their ancestors, they pay their great tribute to Dr. Kotnis. A hand book containing words of Kotnis is kept in the museum as a token of his memory.
Why was Mrs. Kotnis a regular invitee at the Indian Embassy functions in China?
Despite the two premature deaths of her husband and son, Mrs. Kotnis never stopped visiting India. She maintained a wonderful rapport with Indian people, particularly with the Kotnis family. Her husband Dr. Kotnis’ remarkable service in China, and her diplomatic approach with the Indian family had made her a regular invitee at the Indian Embassy functions in China.
What sort of person, do you think, was Dr. Kotnis? What is your impression about him?
I think Dr. Kotnis was a man of perseverance and selflessness. His selfless service to the Chinese soldiers at the military base reminds us of a saying “A service to human is a service to God”.
Additional Questions :
Where was Dr. Kotnis born? What was his nature?
Answer : Dr. Kotnis was born in a lower middle class family on October 10, 1910 in Sholapur, Mumbai. He was vivacious by nature. He aspired to be a doctor.
Was Dr. Kotnis interested in travelling? Yes / No. Why?
Yes, Dr. Kotnis was very much interested in travelling. He wanted to travel round the world and practise medicine in different parts of the globe. He started his medical expedition in Vietnam, and then moved on to Singapore and Brunei. Later he settled in China working at the military base.
What was Dr. Kotnis’ family life?
Dr. Kotnis fell in love with Ms. Guo who was working as a nurse where Dr. Kotnis was working. Later he married Guo and in 1942 they had a son named “Yin Hua”.
II. Read the passage about Dr. Kotnis again and fill in the form given below.
1. Name : Dr. Dwarakanath Kotnis
2. Year of birth : October 10,1910.
3. Place of birth : Sholapur, Mumbai.
4. Occupation : A physician.
5. Nationality : Indian
6. Wife’s name : Mrs. Guo
7. Places of work and the positions held :
1. Physician in Yan’an Surgical Department at anti-Japanese base in North China.
2. Physician-in-charge of the Eighth Route Army General Hospital.
3. Worked as a lecturer in the Military Area, Dr. Bethune Hygiene School.
4. President of the Bethune International Peace Hospital.
8. Honours given by China and India :
1) The Chinese government built a memorial hall in his memory.
2) A hand book with his quotes is exhibited in the museum.
3) He was revered along with Norman Bethune of Canada.
4) His wife Mrs. Guo was honoured being a regular invitee to diplomatic events in China and India.
5) Chinese and Indian governments honoured him, issuing stamps in the name of Dr. Kotnis in the years 1982 and 1993 respectively.
9. Date of death : He died on December 9, 1942.
I. Here are some of the words that are related to the word ‘doctor’. In how many ways can you classify the following words?
profession : physician
specialization : neurologist
qualification : MBBS, MD
dress code : white coat
medicines : crocin, ointment
place of work : Clinic, hospital
service : treatment tools : syringe
related vehicle : ambulance.
target group : patient
Mapping these meanings through words is called semantic mapping. A set of words related in meaning are said to belong to the same semantic field.
E.g. bus, driver, conductor, ticket etc.
Write four words that belong to and that you can associate with the following words.
II. Read the sentence given below.
Dr. Kotnis lost his heart to a Chinese woman.
What does the expression ‘lose heart’ mean?
‘Lost his heart’ means ‘fell in love’.
Here are a few more expressions using the word heart.
eg: ‘Eat your heart out’. (suffer from envy or jealousy)
I am going to New York next week. Eat your heart out!
When he hears about your promotion he will eat his heart out.
III. Match the following.
|1. have a heart||(a) sadness|
|2. broken heart||(b) no feelings|
|3. heavy heart||(c) a very deep thank you|
|4. take to heart||(d) be merciful|
|5. a heart of stone||(e) lost love|
|6. thanks from the bottom of my heart||(f) take seriously|
|1. have a heart||(d) be merciful|
|2. broken heart||(e) lost love|
|3. heavy heart||(a) sadness|
|4. take to heart||(f) take seriously|
|5. a heart of stone||(b) no feelings|
|6. thanks from the bottom of my heart||(c) a very deep thank you|
Coordination is a grammatical process by which two or more words, phrases or clauses of the same rank are conjoined.
A conjunction that joins parts of a sentence (words, phrases or clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar in importance and structure is called a Coordinating Conjunction.
e.g: and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so.
Coordinate Conjunctions: and, but, or, yet, so, neither..nor, either..or, not only..but also, both etc.
Subordinate Conjuctions: when, before, after, since, while, as, till, until, whenever, as long as, as soon as, no sooner..than, then, scarcely, hardly, wherever, because, in order that, so..that, if, though, even though, whereas, as if, whether..or etc.
Compound sentence and Complex sentence.
Observe the following sentences.
1. Dr. Kotnis was a doctor and Guo, a nurse.
2. I could not stop laughing when he told jokes.
What are the main clauses in each sentence?
How many subordinate clauses are there in sentences 1 and 2?
Dr. Kotnis was a doctor and Guo, a nurse. (two main clauses)
I could not stop laughing when he told jokes. (one main clause and one subordinate clause)
‘I could not stop laughing’ is a main clause and the subordinate clause is ‘he told jokes’.
A sentence which consists of two or more main clauses combined with coordinate conjuctions is called a Compound Sentence.
A sentence which consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses combined with subordinate conjunctions is called a Complex Sentence.
Read the following sentences. Identify the clauses and say whether they are main clauses or subordinate clauses.
Read the following passage. Every numbered sentence has an error.Identify and edit it.
(1) Tenali Rama Krishna was not see in the royal court. (2) The king sent guards to search for him and bring him to the court, but they could not find them. (3) They went to the court and reporting this to the king. (4) The king grew worried and asked the guards to search more careful. (5) After some day, the guards found Tenali Rama Krishna.
1) was not seen in the royalcourt
2) they could not find him
3) They went to the court and reported
4) to search more carefully
5) After some days
When writing a news report for a newspaper, or your school News Board, the headline is the first and foremost impression you make on your reader. Therefore, writing a headline is a critical and creative art.
Most of the people read only the headlines while reading a newspaper, to get the gist of the news.
1. Headlines often contain a noun phrase with no verb.
e.g: Prime Minster’s advice
2. Head lines may have noun strings (several nouns put together).
e.g: Man snatches woman’s chain
3. Various changes are made in the headlines.
e.g: Telangana State Board Examination Results Declared.
4. The simple tense form is used instead of the continuous or perfect form.
e.g: Hyderabad celebrates kite festival
5. The infinite form refers to the future.
e.g: Chief Minister to inaugurate Craft Bazars
6. The auxiliary verb is dropped in the passive form.
e.g: Passengers injured seriously in Nellore train accident
7. Articles are dropped; full-stops are not placed after headlines.
e.g: India to host SAARC meet in U.P
8. Head lines may contain initials and abbreviations.
e.g: The B.B.C. telecasts the speech of M.P.
I. Now write a headline for each of the following news reports.
Remember to pick out only the main idea or words from the sentence.
Hyderabad : with an alarming rise in cases of missing people, especially women and children, since 2009, the Police have stepped up measures to trace them in co-ordination with various agencies and police forces.
Headline : Measures to trace missing people.
The full moon that rises on this Friday night, August 31,2012, will be a Blue Moon. That’s what it has been dubbed as in modern folklore of the west. But will it actually be blue?
Headline : Once in a blue moon!
“If you look at the last three months, I am really practising well. I am looking forward to playing my first game after a year.
Headline : My first game
Next time your cell phone runs out of battery, you can charge it by just holding it in your hands as the scientist claims to have developed a new technology that turns body heat into electricity.
Headline : Body heat to charge cell
II. Look at the picture where students are serving in an old age home.
Do old people go to old age homes on their own or are they forced to go there?
No, old people don’t go to old age homes on their own. They are forced to go there. In fact, they feel secured and warm if they are with their children at home.
What are the conditions which make people leave their own homes and go to an old age home?
Their children may be settled in far away places (i.e. abroad) leaving their home towns. Old people don’t find their children to look after them as their children are busy supporting their nuclear family. There are no supporters to look after them, so they leave their own homes and go to old age homes.
In what way are the conditions at an old age home different from those at home?
Old people get security and warmth from their own children at home. But at old age homes, they are looked after by outsiders who are not directly related to them. They don’t get family affection and atmosphere at an old age home as they have at their own home.
Are there any ways to prevent the old people from going to old age homes?
First of all, people shouldn’t become greedy and selfish. They shouldn’t encourage nuclear families. They should be happy and contented. We should have a lot of concern towards old people.
III. Now write an article based on the following hints.
- What are old age homes?
- Why do old people go there?
- Facilities at the old age homes.
- Compare facilities at home and old age homes.
Article on old age homes
Old age homes look after old people. As children settle far away from their home towns, they are forced to keep old people at the old age homes. Old people don’t get the real affection, security and warmth at the old age homes. Though they are provided with all facilities for their needs at old age homes, they don’t like to be away from their children.
Listening Passage :
An Announcement in a School
I am to inform you that we are going to start an ‘Enrolment Drive Programme’ next week. We will go to the nearby slums in our locality for 3 days and see if there are any children who are not studying in a school. There will be 10 teams each consisting of 6 students. I want all the students and teachers of classes VIII and IX to join this mission. Mr. Rajkumar and Ms. Christina will be joining us in our mission. They will help us in all the aspects related to the programme. Children, now those who volunteer to take the lead in teams should meet their class teachers after the lunch hour.
Listen to your teacher. She/he will read out an announcement made by the headmaster of a Govt. High School then answer the following questions.
What is the announcement about?
The announcement refers to the Enrolment Drive Programme. The students who volunteer in this programme will enrol the names of the school dropouts in slum areas.
Who are the special guests joining their mission?
The special guests joining their mission are Mr. Rajkumar and Ms. Christina.
What are the students asked to do in the progamme?
They are asked to enrol the names of children in nearby slums who are not studying in a school.
Why does the headmaster call it a mission?
The headmaster calls it a mission because all the students gather like a team and work unitedly with combined effort. They work with an aim to achieve the task.
Oral Activity :
If you get an opportunity to propose a ‘Vote of Thanks’ after completing the Enrolment Drive Programme how would you do it?
Prepare ‘Vote of Thanks’ to thank Mr. Rajkumar, Mrs. Christina, and all other participants.
Introduction of the Programme
About the participants and the service they offered during the Programme.
Their role in making the Programme a great success.
Thanking each and everyone referring to their role in the Programme.
Requesting the extension of their service in future.
Dear special guests and participants.
I feel immense pleasure in giving vote of thanks to the people involved in the Enrolment Drive Programme. As you all know pretty well, all the students formed teams and were encouraged to enrol the names of school dropouts in slum areas. All the students rendered their dedicated service in this regard. They could succeed in making their mission a grand success. In this connection I thank Mr.Rajkumar and Ms. Christina for extending their great helping hand. I also thank our honourable headmaster for inspiring us to render this service. I thank all our students, teachers and every individual who has been a part of the mission. I hope that all of you will extend your service even in the future with the same zeal. I thank one and all again for making this mission a great success.
Dr. Dwarakanath Kotnis Summary in English
Dr. Dwarakanath Kotnis was an admirable doctor. He rendered his great selfless service to the injured Chinese soldiers during the second Sino-Japanese war. He was born in a lower middle class family on october 10, 1910 in Sholapur, Mumbai. He completed his graduation in medicine from G.S. medical college, Mumbai. Dr. Kotnis always wanted to travel round the world and practise medicine in different parts of the globe. On the request of the Communist General Zhu De he was sent as a physician to China to help the injured soldiers in the warfront. Subhash Chandra Bose sent a team of volunteer doctors and Dr. Kotnis was one among them. Dr. Kotnis decided to stay there in China to render his service to the soldiers. Dr. Kotnis fell in love with his colleague Ms. Guo who was working as a nurse and married her in 1942 on August 23rd. A son was born who was named Yin Hua.
Dr. Kotnis had become the first president of the Bethune International Peace Hospital after Dr. Norman Bethune passed away. He rendered a laudable service where he could save the lives of many soldiers. He died of epilepsy on December 9, 1942 at the age of 32 . Remembering his great service, the Chinese government built a memorial hall in Shijiazhuang city in Hebei Province in 1976. No single Indian has been more revered by ordinary Chinese than this doctor from a middle class family from Northern India. Both China and India have honoured him with postal stamps in 1982 and 1993 respectively. In exclusive interviews with China Daily in Beijing and Shangai, the family members of Kotnis shared their memories of the doctor showing their reverence and intimacy for him.
Though he was busy in his mission, he had never neglected visiting India many a time. Mrs. Kotnis was an honourable guest at many diplomatic functions between China and India representing her husband’s reverence. Though Mr. Kotnis was revered in China a lot, he couldn’t get the required recognition in his home land. But it was fulfilled when a book was published with the title “One who never returned” written by film journalist, Khawaja Abbas. Director V. Shantharam’s movie on him “Dr. Kotnis ki Amar Kahani”, also added to this.
1. adulation (n) : admiration; praise
Usage: It is not my adulation, it is my sincere comment.
2. virulent (adj) : dangerous
Usage : These are virulent days for survival.
3. shy away (phr.v) : avoid something that you dislike
4. epilepsy (n) : a disease of the nervous system that causes a person to fall unconscious
5. revered (v) : respected or admired deeply
6. commemorate (v) : keep a great person, event etc. in people’s memories
Usage : Literary meetings were conducted in various places all over Telangana to commemorate the anniversary of “Komaram Bheem”.
7. vivacious (adj) : cheerful
Usage : He looks vivacious after winning the prize money.
8. venerated (v) : respected
Usage : The sacrifice of our great leaders is venerated forever.
9. septuagenarian (n) : a person who crossed 70 years
10. memorabilia (n) : objects that are collected in memory of persons and events
Additional Meanings :
11. aspired = aimed
12. pursue = to follow
13. expedition = an organised journey with a particular purpose
14. volunteer = to offer to do, give, willing
15. relevant = applicable
16. cherish = nourish, foster
17. renowned = famous
18. despite = inspite of
19. sino-japanese war = war between China and Japan
20. suppress = oppress
21. echoing = resounding