Andhra Pradesh AP Board 4th Class EVS Solutions 7th Lesson Professions and Services Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 4th Class EVS Solutions Lesson 7 Professions and Services
I. Conceptual Understanding:
Name any three professions by which people help us in our daily life?
Farmers, scavengers, washerman, greengrocer, grocer etc are help us in our daily life.
Which professions support a farmer in farming?
The following professions support a farmer in farming:
- Agricultural officer
- Electrical engineer,
- Bank manager.
Write how a plumber helps you?
- Plumber install and repair pipes that supply water.
- They also install bathtubs,sinks dishwashes and toilets.
- If we have any repair or leakage in pipes or taps, plumber will help us.
II. Questioning and Hypothesis:
What questions do you like to ask a grocer in your village about his/her profession?
- Where did you buy these groceries?
- For how many years you are in this professon?
- Is there any wastage or loss of groceries?
- What do you do to maintain groceries not to spoil or damage?
III. Experiments and field Obsertvations:
Visit a cobbler in your village and observe how he repairs the shoes?
A cobbler repairs the shoes by using different tools like hammer, anawl, knife, cutter, spare leather and thread.
IV. Information Skills & Project Work:
Collect pictures of tools used by different professionals from newspaper and prepare a scrap book?
i) Tools used by Mason:
ii) Tools used by the tailor
V. Drawing Pictures and Model Making:
Draw and colour the picture of a sickle or any tool in your work book?
How would you appreciate the services of a scavanger in your village?
- Scavangers keep our streets and gutters clean.
- Everyday early in the morning they clean our streets.
- If scavengers are not there, our streets and villages become like a dustbin and different types of diseases attack us.
- So we should apprciate their importance and respect them.
Look at the picture and write how you feel about them?
In this picture the farmer treat the buffalo as . his family member. He clean it and feed it. Buffalo i give milk to him. Farmer leave some milk to its ^ limb.From this I feel that the farmer treat the buffalo as his family member.
Activity: (TextBook page No.63)
Name the professions for the given pictures.
What is a tool?
A tool is an instrument to do the work easily.
Different brushes are given below:
Name the people who utilize the brushes for their professions.
|Hair dye brush||Hairdressers|
|Shoe polishing brush||Cobbler|
What is a profession?
The work that involves any skill to get an income is called a profession.
Collect information about the tools and their uses, used by farmers?
|1.||Spade||To level the field and digging passage for water flow|
|2.||Sickle||To harvest the crop|
|3.||Plough||To till the land|
|4.||Tractor||Level or till the land|
List out the tools used by atailor and mention their uses in a table?
|S.no||Tools used by tailor||Their uses|
|1.||Tape||To take measurements|
|2.||Scissors||To cut the clothes|
|3.||Sewing machine||To stritch the clothes|
|4.||Needle and thread||To stritch buttons and hooks|
Who is mason? Write the tools used by a mason?
The person who helps in the construction of a house is a mason
Tools used by a mason:
Spade, trowel, plumbob, iron headpan, tape, saw mechine, try square etc are some tools used by a mason.
Can you name the tools used to build a wall?
Trowel, Iron head pan, plumbob,try square are the tools used to build a wall.
List out different professionals and how they help us in our daily life?
|1.||Greengrocer||Sells vegetables and fruits|
|5.||Grocer||Sell cereals,pulses, spices and rice|
|6.||Scavanger||Sweeps the streets.|
Ask a potter and write the process of making pots by him?
- Potter brings clay to make the pots.
- He soaks the clay in water and kneads it with his legs to make it soft.
- He takes the soft clay and rolls it on a potter’s wheel and shapes into a pot.
- He taps the pot with a wooden plate to get the correct shape.
- He dries the pots in the shade first and then under the sun.
- He bakes the dried pots in a kiln.
Name some professions and their work in a table?
|1.||Washerman||Washes and irons clothes|
|2.||Goldsmith||Makes ornaments of gold|
|4.||Electrician||Repairs electric appliances|
|5.||Plumber||Fits pipes and taps|
|6.||Porter||Helps carry our luggage|
|7.||Fisherman||Catches fish and sell them|
|8.||Soldier||Protects the country|
|9.||Drive||Drives the vehicle|
Multiple Choice Questions:
Choose the correct answer:
The spade is used to _______ the field.
_______ is used to till the land by a farmer.
The person who helps in the construction of a house is a _______.
_______ sells vegetables and fruits.
D) Green grocer
D) Green grocer
The _______ segregate the vegetable depending on the size and quality.
A) Mandi merchant
The people who keep our street and gutters clean are know as _______.
_______ makes ornaments of gold.
C) Gold smith
C) Gold smith
A _______ mends shoes.
C) Gold smith
A _______ issues land rights pass books needed to the farmers.
A) Agricultural officer
B) Bank manger
D) Electrical engineer
Who sells medicine to us.