Andhra Pradesh AP Board 5th Class English Solutions 2nd Lesson My Sweet Memories Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 5th Class English Solutions Chapter 2 My Sweet Memories
Read the following text and answer the questions.
a) Visiting new places, meeting new people and knowing about different cultures is a part of holidays fine. Look at the pictures of some famous places that are popular among tourists. Match the pictures with their names. One has been done for you.
b) Holidays help us to relax and refresh. They are always packed with fun, People love holidays for different reasons. Rank them according to your choice and order of importance.
I have holidays because I can
- have lots of fun ( )
- spend a lot of time with my family. ( )
- visit new places and meet new people. ( )
- know more about different cultures. ( )
- relax and forget about studies. ( )
- have lots of fun ( 2 )
- spend a lot of time with my family. ( 4 )
- visit new places and meet new people. ( 1 )
- know more about different cultures. ( 5 )
- relax and forget about studies. ( 3 )
I. Answer the following questions.
Name some of the activities of the village children during their vacation.
The village children go to relatives’ places. They play in the fields. They swim in the ponds and canals. They meet new friends. They watch films on TV or in cinema halls.
Did Santhosh enjoy his morning walk? How do you know?
Santhosh enjoyed his morning walk. We know this from sentences like ‘The cool breeze was pleasant’. The air was filled with sweet songs of birds.
How did Santhosh spend his time when he went to the canal?
Santhosh played for some time in cool water. But he could not swim. He sat on a big smooth rock and watched his friends swimming like fish.
How did Santhosh know that the canal was so clean?
Santhosh was able to see the pebbles and colourful fish in the canal. So, Santhosh knew that the canal was clean.
Why did Santhosh forget to watch television or play video / mobile games?
The trip to the village was very enjoyable. So, Santhosh did not watch television or video / mobile games.
Is T.V. or video/mobile game the only way to pass time? Can we do something else?
T.V. or Video / mobile game is not the only way to pass time. We can read books and play with friends. There are many other ways to pass the time.
II. Choose the correct answer and write the corresponding letters in the brackets:
Santhosh went to __________.
The paddy fields were __________ in colour.
____________ helped his father in milking the cows.
The girls were playing near a ___________ tree.
Santhosh returned home on _________.
(a) April 24th
(b) April 2 8th
(c) June 11th
(b) April 2 8th
Let’s revisit the following sentences from the reading text.
- I got a seat near the window.
I have tasted the first mango of the season.
The opposite words for the underlined words are far and last respectively. Such words which give the opposite meanings are called antonyms. Here are some antonyms for you to understand.
less × more
fresh × stale
beautiful × ugly
hard × soft
thick × thin
narrow × broad
Rewrite the following sentences by changing the underlined word with its opposite. One has been done for you.
Example: Our journey started today.
Our journey ended today.
The weather was pleasant in the morning.
The weather was unpleasant in the morning.
The river was so clean.
The river was so unclean.
I sat on a smooth rock.
I sat on a rough rock.
The breakfast was delicious.
The breakfast was unpalatable.
The mango was tasty.
The mango was tasteless.
Santhosh saw many things in Ramapuram. Write the words associated with the village. One has been done for you.
Read the following sentences carefully.
“There is no one at home. And nothing is there to do. It is very boring.
Let’s go out and do something.” Pallavi said to Santhosh.
In the above sentences, the under lined words i.e., ‘no one’, ‘nothing’ and ‘something’ do not refer to any specific person or thing. Such words are called Indefinite Pronouns.
These pronouns are used to talk about pcople, places or things without saying exactly who, where, or what they are.
Here is a list of indefinite pronouns referring to people, places and things.
Now complete the sentences, choosing one of the words.
I lost my watch. I’ve looked for it ____________ (everywhere / anywhere / nowhere)
____________ broke the window, (nothing/everywhere/someone)
It’s a secret. Don’t tell ______________ (anyone /something/no one)
I’m looking for my glasses. I can’t find them _____________ (everything/anywhere / something)
The problem is very difficult ___________ knows the answer. (something / anywhere / Nobody)
Let’s revisit the following sentences from the lesson.
- Our journey started today.
- Pallavi showed me how to play with a tyre and a stick.
In the above sentences, the underlined words are the past forms of the verbs ‘start’ and ‘show’ respectively. The above actions really took place and the speaker expressed the same using the above past form of the verbs. But sometimes, we need to express certain actions that did not take place.
e.g. It rained yesterday.
It did not rain yesterday.
The negative of the verb form rained is written as did not rain
i.e. did not rain = did + not + rain or didn’t + rain
(in contracted form)
Here are some more examples.
I. Now change the following into their negatives.
|S.no.||Simple Past Simple||Past Negative|
|1.||The bird flew.||The bird didnot fly.|
|2.||He sold the car.||He did not sell the car.|
|3.||She lost her bag.||She did not lose her bag.|
|4.||The train left the station.||The train did not leave the station.|
|5.||I sang a song.||I did not sing a song.|
II. Pallavi has a list of things to complete by last Monday. But today is Thursday. She completed some (✓) and did not complete some (✗). Read the list and write sentences in the space given below. One has been done for you.
|Things to do on Monday||✓/✗||
|e.g.||finish homework||✓||Pallavi finished her homework.|
|1.||make notes||✗||She did not make notes.|
|2.||draw diagrams||✓||She drew diagrams|
|3.||polish shoes||✓||She polished her shoes.|
|4.||buy ribbons||✗||She did not buy ribbons.|
|5.||prepare a report||✗||She did not prepare a report.|
Read a sample diary entry of Santhosh on his birthday.
Tuesday, 10 December, 2019.
Today is my birthday! I woke up at around six and had breakfast with my family My parents hugged and gave me the largest bar of chocolate I have ever seen! They also gave me a new dress, a football and a board game. My parents had invited my friends to my birthday party in the evening. I received a potted plant, a storybook, and a set of colour pencils as gifts. My mother had baked a strawberry cake that tasted delicious. We also had biryani and ice cream. I enjoyed every moment of the day. I think this is the best birthday I have ever had!
Now write your diary entry describing how you celebrated Deepawali. Use the hints given below.
(Deepawali – house decoration – new clothes – Lakshmi pooja- colourful lights – rangoli patterns – burning crackers – enjoyed)
16 June, 2020.
Today is Deepawali. We celebrated this festival very well. It is to celebrate the death of Narakasura. Deepavali follows Naraka Chaturdasi. It is believed that Sri Krishna killed Narakasura. The day on which Narakasura died is called Naraka Chaturdasi.
In our home, we performed Lakshmi Pooja. And later, we burst fire works flower pots, pencils and sparklers. The fireworks made the festival unforgettable.
Paragraph writing on a given topic:
Look at the following paragraph.
In Delhi, a balloon race is held every year. On the day of the race, one can see a large number of huge and colourful balloons. They are floating in the air above the houses and the tall buildings with people standing in the baskets or gondolas, as they are called, looking down upon us. That’s really a wonderful – experience one could see.
A paragraph is a group of sentences that tells us about a single idea.
A paragraph consists of :
- topic sentence that tells the reader the main idea of a paragraph.
(In Delhi, ………….. every year.)
- Supporting details that give details about the main idea.
(On the day …………….. upon us.)
- A concluding sentence that brings the paragraph to a clear end.
(That’s really …………… see.)
Now write a paragraph about ‘How you spent an interesting weekend’.
I spent an interesting weekend in Delhi. I visited all important places in Delhi. The places include Red Fort, Jantar Mantar, Parliament House etc. I went to Agra to see the Taj Mahal. That was an unforgettable experience. From there, we went to Fateh Pur Sikri. I enjoyed the trip very much.
Write your sentences under the correct headings.
Topic : I spent an interesting weekend in Delhi. I visited all important places in Delhi.
Supporting details: The places include Red Fort, Jantar Mantar, Parliament House etc. I went to Agra to see the Taj Mahal. That was an unforgettable experience.
Concluding sentence: From there, we went to Fateh Pur Sikri, I enjoyed the trip very much.
Listening and Responding
We use ‘may‘ to say that something is possible.
- It may rain today. (It is possible that it will rain today.)
- She may come tomorrow. (There is a possibility of her coming tomorrow)
- The train may be late, (There is a possibility of train coming late. )
- I may go to Delhi next week. (There is a possibility of my going to Deihi next week.)
- He may get good marks. (There is a possibility of his getting good marks.)
Now work in pairs and role play the following conversation. Give possible answer for each question. You can ask some more questions.
Sing and Enjoy
Written in March
The cock is crowing.
The stream is flowing.
The small birds twitter,
The lake doth glitter
The green- field sleeps in the sun;
The oldest and youngest Are at work with the strongest;
The cattle are grazing.
There’s joy in the mountains;
There’s life in the fountains;
Small clouds are sailing,
Blue sky prevailing;
The rain is over and gone!
– William Wordsworth.
Reading & Responding
Written in March
The cock is crowing. The stream is flowing. The small birds twitter. The lake glitters. The green field sleeps in the sun. All are working. The cattle are grazing. Mountains are joyful. Fountains arelively. Small clouds are sailing. The sky is blue. The rain is over and gone.
కోడిపుంజు కూస్తోంది. సెలయేరు ప్రవహిస్తోంది. చిన్న చిన్న పక్షులు కిచ కిచ లాడుతున్నాయి. సెలయేరు తళ తళ మెరుస్తోంది. ఆకుపచ్చని పొలం సూర్యుడి కాంతిలో నిద్రిస్తోంది. చిన్నా, పెద్దా అందరూ పనిచేస్తున్నారు. పశువులు మేత మేస్తున్నాయి. పర్వతాలు ఆనందిస్తున్నాయి. ఫౌంటెన్లలో జీవం తొణికిసలాడుతోంది. చిన్న చిన్న మేఘాలు ఆకాశంలో పయనిస్తున్నాయి. ఆకాశం అంతా నీలంగా ఉంది. వర్షం (వర్షకాలం) అయిపోయింది.
crowing = the characterestic loud cry of a cock కోడిపుంజు అరుపు
stream = a small, narrow river: సెలయేరు
twitter = a short sound made by birds repeatedly: పిట్టల కూత
cattle = A group of animals with horing and cloven hoofs: పశువులు
prevailing = existing at a particular time; ఒకానొక సమయంలో ఉండు
doth (old English) = does/do
I. Find the rhyming words rom the lesson and add a few more.
crowing, flowing, __________, __________
twitter, ____________, ____________, ____________, ____________
glitter, litter, batter, matter, splitter
youngest, ____________, ____________, ____________, ____________
strongest, congest, largest, longest
mountain, ____________, ____________, ____________, ____________
fountain, maintain, certain, plantain
sailing, ____________, ____________, ____________, ____________
boiling, failing, mailing, scaling
II. Answer the following questions.
What are the cattle doing?
The cattle are grazing.
What glitters in the poem?
The lake glitters in the poem.
Who work along with the strongest?
The oldest and the youngest work with the strongest.
How does the poet describe the nature in this poem?
The poet describes the nature and its action through different creatures and things.
Describe mountains and fountains in your own words.
Mountains are very big. They are a natural land form. They rise above the surrounding land in a limited area. Mountains are steeper than hills. Most mountains occur in huge Mountain ranges. Fountains are a piece of architecture that pours water into a basin. It is mainly decorative in nature. Some times they are used to supply drinking water also. They are used to decorate city parks and squares. Now-a-days musical fountains are an attraction.
Which country would you like to visit when you growup ? Collect the details and write about the country.
1. Map of that country, its national flag.
2. Stamps of the country, its currency.
3. Some famous monuments.
I would like to visit the United States of America. When I grow up. United States of America is a federal republic. It consists of 50 states. It is the third largest nation by area. The capital of USA is Washington DC. English and Spanish are main languages spoken there. It is considered one of the richest countries in the world.
The National Flag of the USA : The national flag of the USA consists of white stars on a blue canton with a field of 13 alternating stripes, the fifty stars stand for 50 states. The 13 stripes stand for the original 13 states. The width length ratio of the flag is 10 to 19.
Some famous monuments : We can see many historical monuments through out the United States. Such monuments represent important events and significant people in American history.
Arlington National cemetery is a military cemetary of US. It is located in Virginia. Lincoln memorial is located in Washington D.C. It commemorates the great president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. Washington monument is an Iconic structure built to honour the first President of the United States. Mount Rush more national memorial represents four huge sculptures of the heads of four inferential US presidents. The sculptures are carved on the granite face of mount rushmore.
They come out at night without being called, and are lost in the day without being stolen, what are they ?
When I am alive I do not speak. Anyone who wants to take me captive cuts off my head. Then bites my bare body. I do not harm anyone unless they cut me first. Then I soon, make them cry. Who am I?
My Sweet Memories
Santhosh is a school going boy. His vacation started. He went to his grand parents’ village in the vacation. He wrote his experiences in his diary.
Santhosh packed his clothes and toys. He went to his grand parents’ village by bus. Santhosh sat near the window. There were different trees with flowers on bothsides of the road. There were many trees around the grand parents’ house. The mango tree was full of mangoes. He tasted the first mango.
Next day, he went out for a walk in the morning. The farmers were working in the fields. The air was filled with sweet songs of birds. Then, he played with a tyre and a stick, He met pallavi and her friends.
Santhosh went to the canal for a bath. Some children were climbing trees. Some were playing. He watched some boys swimming. He liked the” scenery.
He came back to his home in city. He enjoyed the trip very much. He never watched television. He never played video/mobile games. He liked the trip and waited for the next night to the village.
సంతోష్ స్కూల్లో చదువుకునే ఒక విద్యార్థి. అతని సెలవు ప్రారంభం అయ్యాయి. సెలవుల్లో వాళ్ల తాతగారి ఊరు వెళ్ళాడు. సెలవుల్లో తన అనుభవాలని డైరీలో రాశాడు.
సంతోష్ తన బట్టలు, బొమ్మలు సర్దుకున్నాడు. బస్సెక్కి తన తాతగారి ఊరికి బయలుదేరాడు. బస్సులో కిటికీకి దగ్గరగా కూర్చొన్నాడు. రోడ్డుకి ఇరువైపులా రకరకాల చెట్లు పూలతో నిండి ఉన్నాయి. తాతయ్యగారి ఇంటిచుట్టూతా బోలెడు మామిడిపళ్లు ఉన్నాయి. అతడు ఆ సంవత్సరం మొట్టమొదటి మామిడి కాయ రుచి చూశాడు. అది ఎంత రుచిగా ఉందో!
తరువాత రోజు ఉదయాన్నే లేచి కొంతదూరం నడిచాడు. రైతులు పొలాల్లో పని చేయడం చూశాడు. పక్షులు పాడే తియ్యనైన పాటలతో అక్కడ గాలి నిండి ఉంది. ఆ రోజు సైకిల్ టైరు, కర్ర ముక్కతో ఎలా ఆడుకోవచ్చో నేర్చుకున్నాడు. పల్లవి అనే ఒక బాలికని, ఆమె స్నేహితులని కలిశాడు.
సంతోష్ స్నానం చెయ్యడానికి కొలవదగ్గరకి వెళ్లాడు. అక్కడ, కొంత మంది పిల్లలు చెట్లు ఎక్కుతున్నారు. కొంతమంది ఆడుతున్నారు. అతడు కొంతమంది బాలురు ఈత కొడుతూ ఉండడం చూశాడు. అతనికి ఆ దృశ్యం ఎంతో నచ్చింది.
అతడు నగరానికి తిరిగి వచ్చాడు. ఆ పర్యటన అతడికెంతో నచ్చింది. అతడు టెలివిజన్ చూడలేదు. వీడియో, మొబైల్ గేమ్స్ ఆడలేదు. అతడు ఆ పర్యటనని ఎంతో ఇష్టపడ్డాడు. తరువాత పర్యటన ఎప్పుడెప్పుడా అని ఎదురు చూడసాగాడు.
vacation = holidays ; సెలవలు
experiences = observation ; అనుభవం
excited = thrilled, happy ; ఆనందించు
numerous = many ; చాలా
lush = attractive : ఆకర్షణీయమైన
scarecrows = human like objects ; దిష్టిబొమ్మలు
delighted = happy ; ఆనందంతో
Fruits : jackfruit ; పనస
pomegranate = దానిమ్మ
laden = weighed down with load ; బరువెక్కిన
juicy = full of juice ; రసముతో నిండిన
breeze = a gentle wind ; చిరుగాలి
swaying = move to cause to move slowly ; మెల్లగా కదులు, కదుల్చు
threshing = separating grain ; గింజలను వేరుచేయు
enchanting = attractive ; ఆకర్షణీయమైన
delicious = tasty ; రుచికరమైన
splashing = sound made by striking something into water ; నీటిలోకి ఏదైనా విసరడంద్వారా వచ్చే చప్పుడు
pebbles = small smooth round stones ; గులకరాళ్లు