Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 13 The Indian Constitution to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 13 The Indian Constitution
→ A Constitution is a set of rules.
→ The Indian Constitution was drafted under very difficult circumstances.
→ Everyone would be equal before the law.
→ The British too had introduced some basic institutions of democratic rule in India.
→ The Constitution was drafted by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly.
→ We can understand our Constitution by reading the views of some of our major leaders, on our Constitution.
→ Republic means the head of the state is an elected person and not a hereditary position as in a kingdom.
→ Our Constitution does not promise equality in all respects but it seeks to ensure that all people will enjoy the same status.
→ Our country has a federal system.
→ The central government has 2 houses – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
→ Our country has a three-level democracy.
→ The Constitution also provides for some independent institutions to guard the Constitution.
→ The Constitution is a living and changing document.
→ Monarchy: Rule by a monarch
→ Representative: Typical of a class or group
→ Discrimination: Unfair treatment of different categories of people on grounds of race, sex, etc.
→ Autonomous: Self-governing
→ Constitution: A body of principles according to which a state or organization is governed
→ Sovereign: A king or queen who is the supreme ruler of a country
→ Federal system: The main social system in medieval Europe, in which a person worked for a lord in exchange for land
→ Provisional: For the present time but likely to change, temporary.
→ Draft: A preliminary version of a piece of writing
→ Republic: A state in which power is held by the people and their elected representative and which has a President rather than a king or queen
→ Secular: Not religious or spiritual
→ Fraternity: Friendship and shared support within a group
→ Amendment: A minor improvement