Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 17 Understanding Poverty to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 17 Understanding Poverty
→ The situation of chronic hunger is widespread in India.
→ The energy is measured in kilocalories (k.cal.).
→ The national calorie standard was established as 2,400 and 2,100 k.cal. per day for rural and urban areas.
→ Hunger is not just painful to bear, it is also destructive.
→ Chronic hunger and calorie deficiency are related to undernourishment.
→ Constant hunger weakens the immune system.
→ The most important contributor to poverty is the lack of regular employment.
→ More than 50% of people in India, still depend upon agricultural activities for their livelihood.
→ In Andhra Pradesh, nearly 2/5ths of all rural families are mainly agricultural laborers.
→ The Right to Work states that everyone should be given the opportunity to work for a basic living.
→ After years of struggle by people’s groups the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA), 2005 was passed.
→ Alongside employment, the government has to ensure that everyone has access to affordable food.
→ The system of ration shops distributing foodgrains and other essential items is known as the Public Distribution System.
→ Based on BPL survey results, three types of cards were issued.
→ Ration shops are also called fair-price shops.
→ Undernourishment: Lack of nutrition in the food we take 1n :
→ Agricultural growth: At present agriculture is ¡n a critical stage. Facing all the negativities, it should be taken forward. This is called agricultural growth.
→ Directive Principles: The principles which direct the government
→ Public works: Works that are useful to the public
→ Social audit: It is meant for reducing corruption in government.
→ Below Poverty Line: It is a survey that takes into account the family’s income, means of livelihood, number of meals per day, clothing, housing, migration, debt, etc., to decide whether a household is a poor household.
→ Public Distribution: The system of ration shops distributing foodgrains and other System essential items is known as the Public Distribution System.