# AP Board 5th Class English Solutions 4th Lesson Kalam with Children

Andhra Pradesh AP Board 5th Class English Solutions 4th Lesson Kalam with Children Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

## AP State Syllabus 5th Class English Solutions Chapter 4 Kalam with Children

Look at the picture and answer the following questions.

DREAM, DREAM, DREAM
DREAMS TRANSFORM INTO THOUGHTS, AND THOUGHTS RESULT IN ACTION -A.P.J. Kalam

Activity 1

Question 1.
What are the children doing in the picture?
The children in the picture are taking part in a function.

Question 2.
Who is the man in the picture ?
The man in the picture is Kalam.

Question 3.
What do you know about him ?
Kalam is a great scientist. Yet, he led a simple life.

Activity 2

Question 1.
Who was the best friend of Abdul Kalam in his school days?
Pakshi Ramanadha Sastry was Kalam’s best friend in his school days.

Question 2.
How can we remember the formulae of mathematics and science?
We can remember the formulae of mathematics and science by continuously using them.

Question 3.
How did Abdul Kalam explain courage?
Kalam explained courage that it is saving others without minding about our safety.

Question 4.
How did Subramania Iyer inspire Kalam?
Siva Subramania Iyer taught in his lectures how birds fly. He showed us real life examples at the sea shore of Rameswaram. This way of teaching helped Kalam very much. It helped Kalam take up science.

Question 5.
What would be your question if you were there with Abdul Kalam?
If I were there with Abdul Kalam, I would ask him about parents and family.

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.

Question 1.
According to Kalam ____________ comes first.
hardwork

Question 2.
Child is the first ____________.
scientist

Question 3.
Shri Siva Subramania Iyer taught us how ____________ fly.
birds

Question 4.
One can remember various formulae of science and mathematics by ______________.
continuously using / constantly applying them

Question 5.
Kalam advised children to see _____________ in others.
good things

Activity 3

III. Read the newspaper article aloud.

Question 1.
What is this newspaper article about?
The news paper article is about 3-day Flamingo festival.

Question 2.
Who participated in the rally?
Famous people participated in the rally.

Question 3.
Why did Siberian birds visit the region?
The Siberian birds visited the region for breeding.

Question 4.
Where do we celebrate the Flamingo festival?
The Flamingo Festival is celebrated at the Pulicat lake in Sullurpeta.

Question 5.
When do we celebrate the Flamingo festival?
We celebrate the Flamingo Festival for 3-days ever year.

Vocabulary

Read the following sentences and observe the underlined words.

1. Abdul Kalam is a dedicated scientist.
2. Abdul Kalam is a committed scientist.

You may observe that both sentences give the same message because of the underlined words. Such words are called synonyms.
Synonyms are the words which are nearly equal in meaning.
Examples:
Kohli is a famous cricketer. The show begins at 6 p.m.
Kohli is a popular cricketer. The show starts at 6 p.m.

Activity 4

Match the following words with their synonyms.

1. bliss       (   )    a) luck
2. success  (   )    b) begin
3. fortune  (    )   c) popular
4. award    (    )   d) attitude
5. famous  (    )   e) happiness
6. temper  (    )   f) prize
7. first        (    )   g) victory
1. bliss       ( e  )    a) luck
2. success  ( g  )    b) begin
3. fortune  (  a  )   c) popular
4. award    (  f  )   d) attitude
5. famous  (  c  )   e) happiness
6. temper  (  d )   f) prize
7. first        (  b  )   g) victory

Activity 5

Write the opposites of the given words using the words in the help box.

unreal, misfortune, first, enemy, failure, forget

Question 1.
fortune × ____________
misfortune

Question 2.
success × _____________
failure

Question 3.
remember × _____________
forget

Question 4.
last × ____________
unreal

Question 5.
real × ___________
unreal

Question 6.
friend × ___________
enemy

Complete the following grid using the above clues.

Grammar

Read the story and observe the underlined words. One day an ant found a small block of jaggery. Immediately it signalled his friends about the food. Within no time, a series of ants started rolling the block towards the ant hill. The ant hill was in between two coconut trees. On their way they crawled across a wall and over a small twig and crawled along some saplings in a garden. Finally they broke the block of jaggery into pieces and carried them into the ant hill.

The underlined words are prepositions and they denote movement. Hence they are called prepositions of movement.
Examples:

1. The aeroplane is flying above the clouds.
2. She is riding her bicycle along the road.
3. A man is swimming across the river.

Activity 6

Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions of movement choosing the word given in the bracket. One has been done for you.

e.g. I like to walk along the canal, (along / over)

Question 1.
The cat jumped __________ the stool, (in / over)
over

Question 2.
The earth is revolving ___________ the sun. (around / over)
around

Question 3.
The train is passing ____________ the tunnel, (out / through)
through

Question 4.
The girl is walking ___________ the road, (in / across)
across

Question 5.
They are going ____________ the building, (towards / on)
towards

Question 6.
There is a cat ___________ two tables, (along / between)
between

Activity 7

• Kalam likes to spend time with children.
• Hard work comes first.

The underlined words in the above sentences tell us about an action that is repeated or an event that takes place regularly. These verbs are always in simple present tense.

I. Tick (✓) the sentences that are written in the simple present tense and underline the words. One has been done for you.

e.g. Fortune favours the hard working. ( ✓ )

1. God helps those who help themselves. ( ✓ )
2. I think the child is the first scientist. ( ✓ )
3. I once worked with doctors. ( )
4. They started running. ( )
5. He taught us in his lectures how birds fly. ( )

Now, read the other sentences that are not ticked:

• I once worked with doctors.
• They started running.
• He taught us in his lectures how birds fly.

The above underlined verbs speak about things that have already taken place. The verbs are in simple past tense.

Let’s see the comparison between simple present tense and simple past tense.

II. Complete the sentences with the simple present as well as simple past forms of the verbs given in brackets. One has been done for you.

e.g. Kalam likes to spend time with children, (like) (simple present)
Kalam liked to spend time with children, (like) (simple past)

Question 1.
The teacher ____________ real life examples (show) (simple present)
The teacher ____________ real life examples, (show) (simple past)
The teacher shows real life examples (show) (simple present)
The teacher showed real life examples, (show) (simple past)

Question 2.
Fortune ____________ the hard working, (favour) (simple present)
Fortune ____________ the hard working, (favour) (simple past)
Fortune favours the hard working, (favour) (simple present)
Fortune favoured the hard working, (favour) (simple past)

Question 3.
They ___________ running, (start) (simple present)
They ___________ running, (start) (simple past)
They start running, (start) (simple present)
They started running, (start) (simple past)

Question 4.
He ____________ us in his lectures how birds fly. (teach) (simple present)
He ____________ us in his lectures how birds fly. (teach) (simple past)
He teaches us in his lectures how birds fly. (teach) (simple present)
He taught us in his lectures how birds fly. (teach) (simple past)

Conventions of Writing

Activity 8

I. Rewrite the following sentences Inserting commas wherever necessary.

Underline where comma is inserted. One has been done for you.
e.g. Akshada visited Delhi Mumbai Agra and Kolkata.
Akshada visited Delhi, Mumbai, Agra and Kolkata.

Question 1.
My mother bought Suits sweets and new clothes for the festival.
My mother bought fruits, sweets and new clothes for the festival.

Question 2.
My mother says “Do not tell lies.”
My mother says, “Do not tell lies”.

Question 3.
My date of birth is 26 August 2010.
My date of birth is 26. August. 2010.

Question 4.

Let’s revisit the following sentences from the lesson. Identify the punctuation marks (“…”) used in the given sentences.

1. There is a famous saying, “God helps those who help themselves.”
2. There is another saying, “Hard work leads to success.”

Read and observe the quotation marks used in the above sentences.
Quotation marks:

1. The first letter in the quotation marks should always be a capital letter.
2. A comma is always to be placed before the quotation marks. Quotation marks are always ‘ to be used in pairs (“….”). It is wrong to use only one quotation mark.

II. Rewrite the following sentences inserting quotation marks and commas wherever necessary. One has been done for you.

Question 1.

Question 2.

Question 3.
My sister cried I want two chocolates.
My sister cried, “I want two chocolates“.

Question 4.
Pavan said I will submit my progress report tomorrow.
Pavan said, “I will submit my progress report tomorrow“.

Question 5.

Question 6.
Sravan asked what can I do for you?
Sravan asked, “What can I do for you?

Writing

Activity 9

Name  :  Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Birth  :  15 October, 1931 – Rameswaram, Tamilnadu, India.
Studies  :  Physics and Aerospace Engineering
Works  :  Aerospace Scientist, 11th President of India
Death  :  27 July, 2015 – Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Awards Received : Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990), Bharat Ratna (1997), NSS Von Braun Award (2013),
Hoover Medal (2009).
A.RJ. Abdul Kalam

Now write six sentences about A.P.J. Abdul Kalam using the information given.

Question 1.
The full name of Kalam is _____________
Avul Pakir Jainulebdeen Abdul Kalam

Question 2.
He was born _____________
on 15th October 1931 in Rameswaram

Question 3.
He studied ______________
Physics and Aerospace Engineering

Question 4.
He worked ______________
as Aero Space Scientist and 11th President of India

Question 5.
He died _______________
on 27th July 2015 in Shillong, Meghalaya.

Question 6.
Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma V ibhushan (1990), Bharat Ratna (1997), NSS Van Braun Award (2013), Hoover Medal (2009)

Listening and Responding

Activity 10

Read the following interview of a student with a gardener.
Student  :  Good evening uncle!
Gardener :  Good evening my boy!
Student  :  I want to grow a small garden at our school along with my friends.
Gardener  :  It’s a good idea.
Student  :  Uncle, can I get some useful tips from you to grow a good garden?
Gardener  :  With pleasure, my boy.
Student  :  Where do you get seeds and plants for the garden
Gardener : I get them in the market.

Student :  What tools do you use in the garden?
Gardener  :  I use spade, shovel, watering can etc.
Student :  How often should you water the plants?
Gardener :  Once a day in the evening.
Student :  How do you make the soil fertile?
Gardener  :  By using manure.
Student :  Thank you very much for giving me valuable information.
Gardener :  Welcome!

Now frame some questions to interview your grandfather or a librarian.

1. When does the library open everyday ?
2. What kind of books are available in the library ?
3. How much do I need to pay for membership?
4. What time is the library open on weekdays / Sundays ?
5. How long can we keep the books ?
6. What happens if we don’t return the books before dead line ?

Expressing Time :

Activity 11

Here is Sravan’s daily schedule. Go through it.

Question 1.
When do you get up?
I get up at 6 o’ clock.

Question 2.
At what time do you go to school?
I go to school at 8.40 a.m.

Question 3.
How long do you stay at school?
I stay for 7 hours at school.

Question 4.
When do you play?
I play at 5 o’clock.

Question 5.
At what time do you do your homework?
I do my homework at 6.45 p.m.

Question 6.
How many times do you take meals?
I take meals two times.

Sing and Enjoy

POEM

Day by day I float my paper boats
one by one down the running stream.

In big black letters I write my name on them
and the name of the village where I live.

I hope that someone in some strange land
will find them and know who I am.

I load my little boats with shiuli flowers
from our garden, and hope that these
blooms of the dawn will be carried safely to
land in the night.
– Rabindranath Tagore

Summary :

Paper Boats

The poet Rabindranath Tagore floats his paper boats day by day down the running stream. He floats the boat one by one down the running stream. He writes his name and the name of the village he lives in big black letters.

He hopes that someone in some strange land will find them. He loads the boats with shiuli flowers from his garden. He hopes that these flowers will be safely carried to land in the night.

సారాంశం

కవి రవీంద్రనాథ్ టాగూర్ ప్రతిరోజూ పారుతున్న సెలయేట్లో కాగితపు పడవలు వదులుతాడు ఆ పడవలని ఒక్కటొక్కటిగా సెలయేటిలో వదులుతాడు. కవి ఆ పడవలపై తన పేరు, తాను ఉండే ఊరి పేరు నల్లటి పెద్ద అక్షరాలలో రాస్తాడు.

ఈ పడవలని ఎవరో ఎక్కడో ఒక కొత్తచోట చూస్తారని ఆశిస్తాడు. ఆ పడవలని కవి తమ తోటలోని షివులి పూలతో నింపుతాడు. ఉదయం పూసిన ఈ పూలు రాత్రికి సురక్షితంగా ఏదో ఒక తీరానికి చేరతాయని ఆశిస్తున్నాడు.

Glossary :

running = flowing ; ప్రవహిస్తున్న
stream = small river ; సెలయేరు
strange = new ; కొత్త
blooms = flowers ; పూలు
shiuli flower = parijatha flower ; పారిజాత పుష్పం

Activity 12

1. Mark the sentences as true (T) or false (F)

Question 1.
The poet floats his paper boats in a small stream.
True

Question 2.
The poet lives in a town.
False

Question 3.
The poet wants someone to know who he is.
True

Question 4.
The poet loads jasmine flowers in the boats.
False

Question 5.
The shiuli flower blooms in the evening.
False

Question 1.
Do you make paper boats?
Yes, I make paper boats.

Question 2.
When do you play with paper boats?
I play with paper boats in rainy season.

Question 3.
Why does the poet write his name and his village name on the paper boats?
The poet writes his name and the name of his village. By doing so, some one will know the poet and his village.

Question 4.
The poet loads the boat with shiuli flowers. Why does he do so?
The poet loads the boats with shiuli flowers from his garden. The hopes that these flowers will be carried to land in the night.

Question 5.
Which line of the poem do you like the most? Why?
I like the lines – “Day by day …. down the running stream”. These lines are very musical.

Project Work

Activity 13

Prepare different varieties of paper boats and display them in your class.

Riddles
Who am I?

Read and find out ‘Who I am’ in the riddles.

Question 1.
I have no feet, no hands, no wings but I climb to the sky.
Who am I? __________

cloud

Question 2.
I have two hands, but I can’t clap.
Who am I? ___________

clock

Question 3.
I am white when you use me, and black when I am clean.
Who am I? ____________

black board

KALAM WITH CHILDREN

Summary :

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is a great scientist. His full name is Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. Pakshi Ramanadha Sastry was his best friend, Kalam believed that hard work is important. Fortune favours the hard working.

Kalam felt that child is the first scientist. Children always question. Science was bom and progressed only because of questions. He suggested that we can remember various formulae in science and mathematics by continuously using them.

Shri Siva Subramania Iyer was Kalam’s class teacher. He taught lessons and showed the real life examples at the seashore of Rameswaram. His teaching stimulated Kalam’s interest in science. Kalam believed that hardwork, scientific temper and spirituality together make us human beings.

Kalam believed that saving others from disaster wihout caring for our own safety is courage. He suggested a 10 point oath to youth.

సారాంశం

ఎ.పి.జె. అబ్దుల్ కలామ్ ఒక గొప్ప వైజ్ఞానికుడు. అతడి పూర్తి పేరు అవుల్ ఫకీర్ జైనుల్ ఆబ్లీన్ అబ్దుల్ కలామ్. పక్షి రామనాథ శాస్త్రి అతడికి మంచి స్నేహితుడు. కలామ్ పరిశ్రమ ముఖ్యమైనది నమ్మేవాడు. శ్రమించే వారికి అదృష్టం కలిసొస్తుందని కలామ్ అభిప్రాయం.

పిల్లలే మొట్టమొదటి శాస్త్రవేత్తలని కలామ్ అభిప్రాయం. వారు ఎప్పుడూ ప్రశ్నిస్తూనే ఉంటారు. ప్రశ్నల నుంచే సైన్సు పుట్టింది. వాటితోనే ఎదిగింది. సైన్సులోనూ గణితంలోనూ పరిచయమయ్యే సూత్రాలను ఉపయోగిస్తూ ఉండడం ద్వారా గుర్తుంచుకోవచ్చు అని కలామ్ అభిప్రాయం.

శ్రీ శివ సుబ్రమణ్య అయ్యర్ కలామ్ క్లాస్ టీచర్. ఆయన పాఠాలు ఉపన్యాసాల ద్వారా భోదిస్తూ, రామేశ్వరం సముద్ర తీరంలో నిజ జీవిత ఉదాహరణలని చూపేవాడు. ఆయన బోధనా పద్ధతులే కలామ్ లో సైన్సుపట్ల ఆసక్తి.. రేకెత్తించాయి. పరిశ్రమ, సైన్సుపట్ల నిబద్ధత, ఆధ్యాత్మికత కలిసి మనవి నూనవులుగా తీర్చి దిద్దుతాయని కలాం విశ్వాసం.

తమ భద్రత గురించి పట్టించు కోకుండా ఇతరులని రక్షించడమే ధైర్యం అని కలామ్ విశ్వాసం. యువతకి ఆయన ఒక దశ సూత్ర ప్రమాణాన్ని సూచించేవారు.

Glossary :

fortune = luck ; అదృష్టం
callipers = a metal supports for weak or injured legs ; బలహీనమైన గాయపడ్డ కాళ్లకు ఊతంకోసం వాడే లోహపు చట్రం
pedal = drive with legs ; కాలితో నడుపుట
bliss = ecstacy ; తనయత్వం
unforgettable = which cannot be forgotten; మరచిపోలేని
etched = fixed something permanently ; పదిలపరచబడెను