Students can go through AP State Board 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 11 New Kings and Kingdoms to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 11 New Kings and Kingdoms
→ Many new dynasties emerged after the seventh century.
→ By the seventh century, there were big landlords or warrior chiefs in different regions of the subcontinent.
→ Initially, Rashtrakutas were subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka.
→ Danti Durga was the founder of the Rashtrakuta dynasty.
→ The invocation part of an inscription is Prashasti.
→ Prashastis contains details about the ruling family such as their predecessors and the period to which they belonged.
→ Kings often rewarded brahmins by grants of land.
→ Kalhana’s Rajatarangini was about KashmirJ<ings.
→ Many of the new kings adopted high-sounding titles such as Maharajaadhiraja Tribhuvan- Chakravarti.
→ Revenue was also collected from traders.
→ As there were three “parties” in this long-drawn conflict, historians often describe it as the “tripartite struggle”,
→ One of the rulers, Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, Afghanistan, ruled from 997 AD to 1030 AD.
→ Arabic work, known as the Kitab al-Hind, is an important source for historians.
→ Chahamanas, later known as the Chauhans, ruled over the region around Delhi and Ajmer.
→ The best-known Chahamana ruler was Prithviraj III (1168 AD-1192 AD), who defeated an Afghan ruler named Sultan Muhammad Ghori in 1191 AD, but lost to him the very next year, in 1192 AD.
→ The founder of the Chola dynasty was Vijayalaya Chola.
→ Cholas were subordinates to the Pallava kings of Kanchipuram,
→ Rajaraja’s son Rajendra I continued his policies and even raided the Ganga valley.
→ The big temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikonda-Cholapuram, built by Raja raja and Rajendra, are architectural and sculptural marvels.
→ Temples were centers of craft production.
→ The empire was divided into mandalas or provinces, further sub-divided into Valanadus and Nadus.
→ The sabha had separate committees to look after irrigation works, gardens, temples, etc.
→ Samantha The landlord or warrior chief of seventh century A.D
→ Temple: A place of worship for Hindus
→ Nadu: A group of villages formed a larger unit called ‘Nadu’ in the Chola Kingdom.
→ Sabha: Assembly.
→ Kingdom: A land ruled by a king
→ Sultan: The rulers of Afghanistan