SCERT AP Board 7th Class Social Solutions 6th Lesson Africa Textbook Questions and Answers.
AP State Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Solutions 6th Lesson Africa
7th Class Social Studies 6th Lesson Africa Textbook Questions and Answers
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From Europe, which sea does one have to cross to reach northern Africa?
One has to cross the Mediterranean sea from Europe to reach northern Africa.
State three difficulties that the Europeans faced in reaching the interior parts of Africa.
The three difficulties that the Europeans faced in reaching the interior parts of Africa are:
- Besides attempting to build their colonies in Africa, the Europeans continued to explore the interior of the continent.
- They travelled to the source of the Nile in the north.
- In the west, they explored the entire valley of the Niger and in the south, they moved northwards from Cape Town.
- There they explored the region around the river Zambezi.
Name the two large deserts of Africa.
- The Sahara Desert is in Africa. It extends to Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Sudan, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Ethiopia and Somalia.
- The Kalahari Desert extends in Namibia, Botswana and Angola in South – West of Africa. These deserts are not suitable for agriculture due to scanty rainfall and infertile soils.
a) The zone between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is the zone of ………… climate.
b) The main vegetation of Savanna lands is …………
c) The two main rivers emptying themselves into the Atlantic ocean are ………. and ………….
d) The regions in Africa to the north of the Tropic of Cancer and to the south of the Tropic of Capricorn are of …………. climate.
Two political maps of Africa have been given in the chapter. Compare the two to find out which European country controlled the present day countries of Nigeria and Zimbabwe?
Britain controlled the present day countries of Nigeria and Zimbabwe.
Name two countries of Africa where equatorial forests are found.
- Republic of Congo, Gabon
What goods did Europeans trade with Africa? What kind of agricultural products did they promote for trade purposes?
- Gold, copper and diamonds were the Europeans traded with Africa.
- Tea, coffee, rubber, tobacco were the agricultural products they promoted for trade purposes.
Who benefited from the slave trade? Why did America need slaves?
In the 16th century, many Europeans began migrating to America and started cultivation there. There was plenty of land in America, but not enough people to work in the fields. It was to fulfil this need for additional working hands in America that the slave trade from Africa began. America benefited a lot from the slave trade.
How can you say that the slave trade is highly heinous?
The slave trace (Trans Atlantic Slave Trade) is one of the most heinous crimes committed against people over the course of more than 400 years. Millions of Africans were turned from their homes, were deported to the American continent and sold as slaves.
The slave trade resulted in the loss of human life. The savage nature of the slave trade led to the destruction of families, individuals and cultures and the vestiges of the immense loss of human capital to the African continent are still felt to this present day.
Read the last para of this lesson Africa and comment on it.
The foreign companies do bring in new technologies and investments into the mining and processing industries, thus creating employment for the local people. However; they use cheap labour to make huge profits which are taken away from the African people most of these companies are also careless about environmental protection and have caused immense damage to the natural environment. This has affected the quality of land and life of the people adversely.
- Africa is very rich in minerals like coal, copper, tin, etc.
- So many of the European countries and their companies to this day control much of the mineral resources of even the independent African countries.
- The foreign companies do bring in new technologies and investments into the mining and processing industries, thus creating employment for the local people.
- They are using their cheap labour to make huge profits and exploiting the mineral resources.
- Most of these companies have caused immense damage to the natural environment which has affected the quality of land life of the local people adversely.
- Thus, we can say that the foreign companies are exploiting the mineral wealth of Africa irrespective of the local people’s welfare.