Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 5 Forests: Using and Protecting Them to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 5 Forests: Using and Protecting Them
→ Different people use forests differently.
→ Human beings, trees, plants, grasses, animals, birds, insects, fishes, and other countless beings use forests.
→ Forests can be classified on the basis of different criteria.
→ About 64,000 sq. km of the state are declared as forest by the government.
→ Every year about 100 sq. km of forests are lost in our state.
→ Even today 60% of tribal people in our state live in forests.
→ During the last 200 years, the tribal people gradually lost their control and rights over the forest.
→ The British government restricted the traditional customary rights of the tribals and forest users by classifying forests as reserved and protected forests.
→ Joint Forest Management (J.F.M.) was introduced by the central government and it was changed to Community Forest Management (C.F.M.) in Andhra Pradesh.
→ At last Forest Rights Act was introduced in 2006 which recognized and restored the rights of tribals on forests.
→ Afforestation: The process of planting trees on an area of land in order to form a forest.
→ Deforestation: Clearing an area of trees.
→ Forest management: Forests are managed by the people who live in them.
→ Forest Rights Act: This was introduced in 2006. The rights of tribals on forests are restored again.
→ Reserve Forest: The forest in which no one could enter.
→ Forest tract: A large area of land covered with forest.
→ Tribal people: The people relating to a tribe.