Students can go through AP State Board 9th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 17 Colonialism in Latin America, Asia and Africa to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 9th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 17 Colonialism in Latin America, Asia and Africa
→ Some 600years ago the people of the world traveled very little. The Europeans wanted to discover sea routes to India, China, etc.
→ All European power, especially Spain, Portugal Denmark, England, and France sent expeditions to find out sea routes.
→ Columbus discovered America, Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to India.
→ Latin Americas were brought under the control of Spain and Portugal So many resources were traded with.
→ Revolts broke out and the President of the USA formulated ‘the Munroe Doctrine.
→ England was successful in colonizing most of India by 1757 and by 1857 India came to be directly ruled by the queen of English.
→ Unlike India, China was not fully colonized Opium wars were fought and the opium trade was accepted in China. But it was forced to accept trade with all colonial powers with equal rights. China was cut into spheres of influence.
→ The Dutch were successful in colonizing Indonesia. They ruled till the end of World War II.
→ Different African countries were colonized by different European powers.
→ Congo came to be ruled by Belgium. South Africa was an
→ Colonialism: Colonialism is a practice by which a powerful country directly controls less powerful countries and uses its resources to increase its own power and wealth.
→ Latin America: South America along with Central America is known as Latin America.
→ Ottoman Empire: The Turkist empire during the middle ages
→ Exploration: The act of traveling through a place in order to find out about it.
→ Apartheid: Racial discrimination followed in South Africa is known as Apartheid.
→ Haciendas: Haciendas were vast estates in South America that contained silver and copper mines, agricultural land, and also factories.
→ Munroe Doctrine: The Munroe doctrine is formulated by the President of the USA James Munroe according to which no European power would be allowed to build colonies in the American countries and the US would not interfere in the affairs of Europe or colonies in other continents.
→ Opium wars: Opium wars were the wars fought between China and England.