Students can go through AP State Board 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 8 Kingdoms and Empires
→ Magadha became a powerful kingdom among the sixteen kingdoms.
→ After Bimbisara his son Ajatasatru came into power. Later his son Mahapadmananda ruled Magadha Dynasty.
→ Chandra Gupta Maurya dethroned Mahapadmananda and became the ruler of Magadha with the help of Chanakya.
→ Pataliputra was the capital city of the Magadha Empire.
→ After Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara became the ruler of Magadha. Later, his son Ashoka became the king of the Mauryan dynasty.
→ The Mauryan emperor Ashoka battled against the kingdom of Kalinga to expand his empire
→ He conquered the land of Kalinga but he resolved not to do any war thereafter.
→ He got many inscriptions carved to convey his message of Damma.
→ The lion capital of Saranath was chosen as our National Emblem.
→ The capital city of the Gupta’s was Pataliputra.
→ The emperor Samudragupta was a great conqueror among the Gupta dynasty.
→ The great nine poets in the court of Chandragupta – II were known as “Navaratnas’.
→ Aryabhatta was a well-known astronomer, and mathematician.
→ Brahmagupta, another astronomer, calculated the Solar Year.
→ Sushruta was the first Indian doctor who carried out plastic surgery in Gupta’s period.
→ ‘Charaka Samhitha’ was the basic text of Ayurvedic medicine. This was composed by ‘Charakh’, the well-known physician of the world.
→ Scientists in the Gupta period have good knowledge of the use of iron and steel. They minted gold coins.
→ The capital of the Sathavahanas was Dhanyakataka near Amaravathi in Guntur District.
→ Gauthamiputra Satakarni conquered the land between three seas. He also got the title of Thrisainudradheeswara’.
→ The Buddhist Scholar Archarya Nagarjuna is said to have lived in the Satavahanas period.
→ The capital city of Iskhvakus was ‘Vijayapuri’.
→ The rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram were the finest examples of Pallava architecture.
→ Chalukyas ruled large parts of southern and central India between 600 CE and 1200 CE.
→ Pulakesi – I was one of the first kings of Chalukyas. Chalukyas ruled from Badami in Karnataka. They made a rich contribution to art and architecture.
→ Indigenous: native made
→ Clan: a group of one race people
→ Dynasty: series of rulers from the same family.
→ Empire: large kingdom
→ Inscriptions: messages carved on rock surfaces
→ Astronomy: a study of space
→ Battle: fight between two groups