Students can go through AP State Board 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 9 Government to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 9 Government
→ Government is the group of people with the authority to govern a country,
→ The government provides different facilities for the people & protects country etc.
→ The government normally consists of three organs. They are :
→ The legislature is the decision (laws) making body.
→ The executive is the decision (laws) implementing body.
→ Judiciary is the system of courts that interprets the laws.
→ Many types of governments like Monarchy and Democracy etc. have worked from ancient times to the present.
→ Monarchy is the ruling by a king or queen. A monarchy comes to power by inheritance.
→ Democracy is the government of the people, by the people, for the people.
→ Democratic governments have been formed in most of the countries in the present world.
→ India is also a democratic country.
→ In a democracy, there are two types. They are :
- Direct Democracy,
- Indirect Democracy.
→ Direct Democracy: In this form of democracy, people directly participate in decision-making.
→ Indirect Democracy (Representative Democracy): In this form of democracy, People participate in decision-making indirectly through their representatives.
→ The election is the process of choosing a representative.
→ The success of indirect democracy depends on elections.
→ Based on the relation between Legislature and Executive, Indirect (Representative) democracy are of two types. They are:
- Parliamentary system,
- Presidential system.
→ Parliamentary System: In this system Executive body is formed from Legislature. The executive body is responsible for Legislature.
→ Presidential System: In this system Executive body is not formed from Legislature. The executive body is not responsible to Legislature. Ex: USA, Brazil.
→ Generally, government works at different levels: They are
- Central government,
- State government and Local government.
→ Government: A group of people with the authority to govern a country.
→ Democracy: The government formed by the people.
→ Monarchy: A form of government with a monarch as the head.
→ Elections: A process of choosing a representative.
→ Decision making: The process of making decisions.
→ Representative: A person chosen or appointed to act or speak on behalf of another or others.
→ Constitution: The basic principles and laws of a nation that determine the powers and duties of the government.
→ State Government: The government works for an entire state.
→ Central Government: The government works for an entire country or nation.