AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

   

SCERT AP 7th Class English Government Textbook Answers 3rd Lesson A Journey through the Hills and Valleys Textbook Questions and Answers.

AP State Syllabus 7th Class English Unit 3 Questions and Answers The Turning Point

7th Class English Unit 3 The Turning Point Textbook Questions and Answers

Loot at the picture and answer the following questions.
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 1

Question 1.
Where do you like to spend your holidays?
Answer:
I like to spend my holidays at my grandparents’ village.

Question 2.
What is your favourite place?
Answer:
My favourite place is Horsley Hills.

Question 3.
Have you ever been to the place which is shown in the picture?
Answer:
No. I haven’t.
(Or)
Yes, I have, I visited Papi Kondalu, a beautiful place with lushing greenery in December last year.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

Question 4.
Share your experience based on the places you have visited/liked.
Answer:
I have visited some interesting places. Visiting such places gives us new energy. Such places are beautiful and have pleasant atmosphere.

Question 5.
Mention some tourist spots in your District.
Answer:
I belong to Guntur District. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Kondaveedu, Undavalli Caves, Kotappa Konda, Mangalagiri, Amaravathi, Krishna Barrage are some of the tourist spots in our district.

Reaping Comprehension

A. Answer the following questions.

Question 1.
Why was the journey to the tribal area a memorable one to the author?
Answer:
The author has never experienced the most exciting moments of the train journey to Araku till then. For the first time in his life, the author saw the astounding tunnels, wonderful waterfalls, valleys, caves, and other natural beauties during the train journey. Pleasant and serene atmosphere, full of greenery, and the images of all the other scenic beauties gave him unforgettable and amazing experience. Hence, the author felt that his journey to the tribal area was a memorable one.

Question 2.
Which places did the author visit on his journey?
Answer:
The author visited the Borra Caves, Tyda Nature Camp, Araku Valley, Padmapuram Gardens, and Lambasingi during his journey.

Question 3.
How did the travellers enjoy the train journey?
Answer:
The train journey was by Vista dome coach which enables the passengers watch the scenery on both the sides of the train crossing many tunnes. It was a thrilling experience to the travellers.

Question 4.
What are the beautiful scenic places that the tourists visited in Lambasingi?
Answer:
Fenced towering hills, tall green trees and the Kondakarla Bird Sanctuary are the places visited by the tourists in Lambasingi.

Question 5.
How does the author describe the Ananthagiri hills?
Answer:
The Ananthagiri hills are full of coffee plantations and waterfalls,

Question 6.
How do the tribal people earn their living?
Answer:
The tribal people earn their living by selling the handicrafts, spices and products of their farming.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

B. Choose the right option and write it in brackets.

1. The most favourable tinle to visit Araku is ….
a) from November to January
b) from June to August
c) from August to October
d) from October to December
Answer:
a) from November to January

2. Araku and Lambasingi are in the ……
a) Western Ghats
b) North Eastern Ghats
c) Eastern Ghats
d) East West Ghats
Answer:
c) Eastern Ghats

3. The dance performed by the tribes in Araku Is called ……
a) Savara
b) Dhimsa
c) Kuchipudi
d) Folk
Answer:
b) Dhimsa

4. Borra Caves are made of ……….
a) Karstic limestone
b) Chalk limestone
c) Tufa limestone
d) Coquina limestone
Answer:
a) Karstic limestone

5. Ananthagiri hills are popular for …….
a) waterfalls
b) flowers
c) coffee plantations
d) both ‘a’ and ‘c’
Answer:
d) both ‘a’ and ‘c’

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

C. Put the following sentences in the order of events.

1) We visited Kondakarla Bird Sanctuary
2) We enjoyed Dhimsa dance performed by women.
3) The tribal people were selling their handicrafts on the either side of the road.
4) We set off from Visakhapatnam to Borra.
5) The train passed above the Borra Caves.
Answer:
4) We set off from Visakhapatnam to Borra.
5) The train passed above the Borra caves.
3) The tribal people were selling their handicrafts on the either side of the road.
2) We enjoyed Dhimsa dance performed by women.
1) We visited Kondakarla Bird Sanctuary.

Vocabulary

A. Prepare a word map related to ‘forest products’.
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 2
Answer:
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 3

B. Look at the following words :
1. attraction
2. unknowing

1. The word ‘attraction’ consists of two parts, (root + suffix)
The root word is ‘attract’, suffix is ‘ion’.

2. The word ‘unknowing’ consists of two parts (prefix + root)
The prefix is ‘un’, root word is ‘knowing’.

Note : Suffixes come after the root word, Prefixes come before the root word.

Now complete the following table with appropriate prefixes/suffixes to the root words to make new words.
The first one is done for you.
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 4
Answer:

Prefix Root New Word
1) dis- locate dislocate
2) in- experience inexperience
3) im- perfect imperfect
4) dis- like dislike
5) un- natural unnatural

 

Root Suffix New Word
1) beauty -ful beautiful
2) permit -ion permission
3) continue -ous continuous
4) enjoy -ment enjoyment
5) green -ery greenery

Grammar

A. Locate the following sentences in the text.
1. It is a bird-lovers’ heaven and one of the best places to visit in Lambasingi.
2. It is the most beautiful and important hill station in Andhra Pradesh.

Here we can observe the word ‘best’ in the 1st sentence and ‘most’ in the 2nd sentence are superlative adjectives. Both the adjectives take definite article ‘the’ before them.

a) Now, find some more superlative adjectives from the text and write them in the place provided.
Eg. the longest
1. _________
2. _________
3. _________
4. _________
5. _________
Answer:
1. the largest
2. the best
3. the most exciting

Note : There are only three superlative adjectives in this lesson.

In previous classes, you might have learnt about adjectives that are expressed in three degrees, i.e. Positive, Comparative and Superlative.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

B. Read the following statements. Label them with ‘P’ for Positive, ‘C’ for Comparative and ‘S’ for Superlative degree.

1. Borra Caves are the longest caves in Eastern Ghats.
2. The Krishna is longer than the Penna.
3. There are many big buildings in our town.
4. Iron is heavier than Silver.
5. Araku Valley is one of the most beautiful places.
6. The Pacific is the deepest ocean in the world.
7. The horse does not run’so fast as the cheetah.
8. Australia is not so big as India.
9. There are many strong players in our team.
10. India is one of the largest countries in the world.
Answer:
1. Borra Caves are the longest caves in Eastern Ghats. (S)
2. The Krishna is longer than the Penna. (C)
3. There are many big buildings in our town. (P)
4. Iron is heavier than Silver. (C)
5. Araku Valley is one of the most beautiful places. (S)
6. The Pacific is the deepest ocean in the world. (S)
7. The horse does not run so fast as the cheetah. (P)
8. Australia is not so big as India. (P)
9. There are many strong players in our team. (P)
10. India is one of the largest countries in the world (S)

C. Prepositions

Fill the blanks with the relevant words choosing from the box.
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 5

The train also passed _________ the Borra Caves. We got down _________ Borra Caves quarter to 10 am. The train journey _________ Visakhapatnam Borra Caves _________ made us speechless and gave an unforgettable experience.
Answer:
The train also passed above the Borra Caves. We got down at Borra Caves by quarter to 10 am. The train journey from Visakhapatnam to. Borra Caves made us speechless and gave an unforgettable experience.

The words which you have filled in the blanks are prepositions.

Prepositions are words that give the position of the nouns or the relationship between two nouns, two pronouns or a noun and a pronoun.

→ Prepositions of Place :
There are four Prepositions of Place.

1. “at” describes a specific point in space.
E.g.I am at the library.

2. “in” describes an enclosed space.
E.g. We live in Delhi.

3. “on ” describes an object’s relationship to a surface.
E.g. The cat is jumping on the table.

4. “by” describes an object’s nearness to other objects.
E.g. The boy stood by the window.

→ Prepositions of Direction :
Prepositions of direction indicate in which direction the object is moving.
Eg : above, across, along, around, behind, below, beside, over, through, toward, up, down, between, inside, in, near, under, into, onto
The train passed through the tunnel.
We walked along the road.
The boy ran up the hill.
The river runs between the hills.

Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions given in the box.
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 6
1. Is your brother ……………….. the shop?
2. My father has returned his workplace.
3. A small stream runs ……………….. the bridge.
4. Prema fell ……………….. the floor.
5. A helicopter hovered ……………….. our house.
6. The cat jumped ……………….. the wall.
7. The rocket is going ……………….. the moon.
8. The flight ran ……………….. the runway.
9. Row your boat gently the stream.
10. The boy put the chocolate ……………….. his pocket.
Answer:

  1. at
  2. from
  3. below
  4. on
  5. above
  6. onto
  7. towards
  8. along
  9. down
  10. in

Writing

A. Write a paragraph using the hints given below.

On a holiday – went to Horsley Hills – with my family – great trip in my life – started journey – sunny day – excited about – Gali Bandalu – road was full of eucalyptus and sandalwood trees – extremely panoramic – Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary – Environ-mental Park, Mallamma Temple – worth seeing
Answer:
On a holiday 1 went to Horsely Hills along with my family. It was a great trip in my life. We started our journey on a sunny day. I was very excited to see the place. Gali Bandalu was a very nice place to see. On the way, the road was full of eucalyptus and sandal wood trees. The place was extremely panoramic. There, we visited Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary that sheltered many animals. There was an Environmental Park which was very pleasant. Mallamma Temple was worth seeing.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

B. Write a letter to your friend about your visit to a tourist place in summer holidays.
Answer:

Chittoor.
7.9.2021.Dear Shreyan,
I am well here and l hope the same with you. 1 hope you are spending your summer vacation happily. Recently I visited Horsely Hills along with my family and I enjoyed it a lot.Last Sunday, I went to Horsely Hills along with my family. It was a great trip in my life. We started our journey on a sunny day. I was very excited to see the place. Gali Bandalu was a very nice place to see. On the way. the road was full of eucalyptus and sandal wood trees. The place was extremely panoramic. There, we visited Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary that sheltered many animals. There was an Environmental Park which was very pleasant. Mallamma Temple was worth seeing.Convey my regards to all.Yours lovingly,
Mokshitha

Listening

Listen to the following text:

Travelling gives you many wonderful experiences you cannot find in your own country. You meet local people and get to understand different cultures. It’s so exciting. I love plaonmgtrips and doing some research on the country or countries I want to visit. Sometimes, I like to plan everything in advance, my flights, hotels, and tours, etc. For me, the most exciting thing is arriving in a country with no hotel reservation and no fixed plans. I prefer staying in hostels and guest houses. You get to meet and talk to different and interesting people and share information. I also like’ to visit places that are off the beaten track. Being somewhere with thousands of other tourists is not my cup of tea.

Listen to the text again and tick the correct options.

Travelling gives you many ___(1)___ (wonderful/worst) experiences you cannot find in your own country. You meet local people and get to ___(2)___ (understand/ misunderstand) different cultures. It’s so exciting. I ___(3)___ (love / dislike ) planning trips and doing some research on the country or countries 1 want to visit. Sometimes, I like to plan ___(4)___ (nothing/everything) in advance, my flights, hotels and tours, etc. For me, the most exciting thing is arriving in a country with no __(5)___ (hotel reservations/ room reservations) and no fixed plans. I prefer staying in ___(6)___ (railway stations/hostels) and guest houses. You get to meet and talk to different and interesting people and share information. I also like to visit places that are off the beaten ___(7)___ (track/truck). Being somewhere with thousands of other tourists is not my cup of tea.
Answer:
Travelling gives you many wonderful (wonderful / worst) experiences you cannot find in your own country. You meet local people and get to understand (understand/misunderstand) different cultures. It’s so exciting. I love (love/dislike) planning trips and doing some research on the country or countries I want to visit. Sometimes, 1 like to plan everything (nothing/everything) in advance, my flights, hotels, and tours, etc. For me, the most exciting thing is arriving in a country with no hotel reservations (hotel reservations/room reservations)and no fixed plans. I prefer staying in hostels (railway stations/hostels) and guest houses. You get to meet and talk to different and interesting people and share information. I also like to visit places that are off the beaten track (track/truck). Being somewhere with thousands of other tourists is not my cup of tea.

Talking Time

1. Already, you have read the Travelogue ‘A Journey through the Hills and Valleys’. You may have such beautiful places in your locality too. Using the following language functions share your likes and dislikes with your friend.

Language Function

Expressing Likes Expressing Dislikes
Eg : I really enjoy the trip.
I’m very fond of…
Wow/Lovely!
I’m crazy about
………….. is wonderful/ really good
… is one of my favourites
Eg : I don’t think all the hill region is enjoyable.
I’m sorry, but I don’t like it at all
It’s absolutely terrible/awful
I’m afraid 1 dislike/ don’t like ……..
I specially dislike ……..
I don’t like ………….

Answer:
Expressing Likes:
I’m very fond of watching the garden with flowers.
Wow! It is a wonderful lake!
Lovely! This garden makes me joyful.
I am crazy about watching the waterfalls.
The red hills are really good.
The old fort is wonderful.
The fishing harbour is one of my favourites.

Expressing Dislikes:
I’m sorry, but I don’t like this garden at all.
It’s absolutely terrible to watch the monkey here in this park.
I’m afraid I don’t like the terrible snow here.
I specially dislike the cold weather here.
I don’t like to visit the rocky places.

Project

Collect the list of tourist places in your district. Write a small description about the places by collecting relevant pictures. Display the pictures and the information in your classroom.
Answer:
Tourist Places in Srikakulam District :
1) Arasavilli :
Arasavilli is near Srikakulam. The attraction of this temple is that the sun rays enter the main temple and touch the feet of main deity in the temple twice every year – in March and October.

2) Kalingapatnam :
This is a historical commercial port center. River Vamsadhara merges into Bay of Bengal here. Darga Sharif, Sheikh Madina Aqulin are the major attractions here. There is also a light house that is visible up to 23 kilometers.

3) Baruva :
This is another popular tourist spot in Srikakulam district. River Mahendra Tanaya merges in the sea here. There are Kotilingeswara Swamy temple, Janardhana Swamy temples here. Once this was an important port.

4) Ponduru :
Ponduru is famous for the Khadi clothes that are made here.

5) Mandasa :
This village lies at the foothills of Mahendragiri and there is Varaha Swamy temple here. The fort in Mandasa is said to be one of the highest forts in India.

6) Kaviti is at a distance o 130 kilometers from Srikakulam. This is called another Konaseema. There are temples of Chintamani Maata and Sri Seetarama Swamy.

7) Telineelapuram reminds us of Siberia birds. Every September, Pelican and Painted Stork birds reach Telineelaapuram and return back to their places in April.

8) Mogadaalapaadu beach :
This is located in the Gara mandal of Srikakulam district. This is the most visited beach after Kalingapatnam in this district. This is at a distance of twenty kilometers from Srikakulam town. There is a 200 meter long bridge that is built into the sea. Thousands of people come here to take bath during auspicious days.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

★ Tourist Places in East Godavari District:

  1. Annavaram is a popular temple in East Godavari district. The presiding deity here is Sri Veera Venkata Satyanarayana Swamy. Thousands of devotees visit the temple every day.
  2. Draksharamam has a temple for Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and this is also one of the Shaktipeethams.
  3. Kumaraaraamam is in Samalkota, East Godavari district. Presiding deity here is Someswara along with Balatripura Sundari. Samalkota is 60 km away from Rajahmundry.
  4. Antarvedi is another religious place in the district. This is where Godavari meets the sea. There is a temple for Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy and this is also one of the famous tourist places.
  5. Maredumilli is at a distance of 80 kilometers from Rajahmundry. There is Jalatarangini waterfall nearby which is an attraction.
  6. Papikondalu is another very famous tourist attraction.
  7. Kadiyam is famous for its plant nurseries. Many types of flowers and plants are , created here. This is at a distance of only ten kilometers from Rajahmundry.
  8. Dindi resorts are located at a place where River Godavari meets the sea. This place is near Rajol and house boats are additional attraction of this place.

★ Tourist Places in Nellore District:

  1. Satish Dhawah Shah Center is one of the popular Nellore district tourist places. This internationally famous rocket launching center is in Srihari Kota in Sullurpet.
  2. Somasila Dam is also a tourist spot. The dam was built on River Penna. There is Someswara temple here.
  3. Kandaleru River’s birth place was’Veligondala Mountains and a darn is built on the river at Chillaturu. This is the biggest mud dam in the word with a capacity to store 68 TMC water.
  4. Krishnapatnam port is going to be biggest port in Asia and is in Muttkuru mandal in Nellore district.
  5. Pulicot River is a naturally formed second salt water river. This is spread in an area of 600 square kilometers in the state borders of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. More than fifty lakh birds from various countries ccwne here every year during October to March.
  6. Udayagiri fort has more than thousand years of history and stands still even now in ruins. The fort built on the hill is spread in 35 km and is believed to have 365 temples.
  7. Pallipadu Gandhi Ashram is on the banks of River Penna in Indukurupeta. This stands as an evidence for history. This is at a distance of 9 kilometers in the east from Nellore.

★ Tourist Places In Guntur District:

  1. Kotappakonda is in the Narasaraopet constituency. It is located at a distance of 15 kilometers from Narasaraopet and is 60 kilometers away from district headquarters. Lord Shiva here is called Dakshinamurthy.
  2. Undavalli caves,’the world popular caves’are located in Undavalli village in Tadepalli Mandal. These historical caves date back to 2 nd and 3 rd AC. It is believed that Vishukudina king Govindaraja Varma built these for Buddhist monks. The Anantasayana Sri Mahavishnu temple in these caves is very beautiful.
  3. Bhavani Island is spread in Krishna River on the borders of Guntur and Krishna districts. AC cottages and tree cottages are available for tourists.
  4. Nagarjuna Sagar dam is at a distance of 25 kilometers from Macherla.
  5. Amaravati is the first in the five Pancharamas and the deity here is called Amareswara’ This is at a distance of 35 kilometers from Guntur. Accommodation is available for devotees. Dhyana Buddha project is being built here. There is also an archeological museum and many ancient temples in this small village.

★ Tourist Places in Vizianagaram District:

  1. Vizianagaram fort: One of the main attractions of Vizianagaram district is the Fort. ConstructiQn of this fort was begun in the year 1713 by Vizianagaram kings. Before that, they lived in a mud fort in Kumili.
  2. Ganta sthambham or clock tower is another attraction in Vizianagaram. This 68 feet high pillar was built by Anandagajapati Raju with an expense of Rs. 5,4000. it has clocks on four sides. Duripg Second World War, a siren was set up in this. Earlier there were steps to reach the 5th floor but now they are in ruins.
  3. Chintapalli beach is one of the most visited tourist spots in Vizianagaram district. The lighthouse, big stones in the sea are main attractions here.
  4. Taatipudi Reservoir: Boating is the main attraction here. This is situated 12 kilometers from Vizianagaram town. Cottages of forest department are also available here.
  5. Paiditalli temple is another attraction in this district. Sirimaanotsavam is an event that attracts thousands of devotees.

★ Tourist Places in West Godavari District:

  1. Kolleru Lake is spread in nearly 700 kilometers. Many birds from other countries migrate* to this place during October and May months.
  2. Dwaraka Tirumala temple is popular as ‘Chinna or Small Tirupati’ thousands of ‘ devotees visit this temple. All facilities are available here for the devotees.
  3. Papikondalu is another tourist attraction in the district.
  4. Perupalem beach in Mogalturu mandal is being developed as a tourist spot.
  5. Rajabahadur fort in Mogalturu is standing as a symbol of lost graduer. This fort was built by Kalidindi kings two hundred years ago, according to historical evidence.
  6. Guntupalli in Kamavarapukota has Buddhist caves. Buddhist monks from even foreign countries visit this place.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

★ Tourist Places in Visakhapatnam District:

• Kailasagiri :
Kailasagiri hills are spread in around 350 acres and beautiful park is developed here. Water fountains, microwave repeater station, flower clock and Titanic View point mesmerize the visitors. There are huge idols of Shiva and Parvathi. Special attractions of Kailasagiri are the ropeway and the circular train.

• Ramakrishna beach :
Ramakrishna beach is very suitable to get relaxed. There is a Kalimata temple nearby which is a must see place for the tourists.

• Kurumpam tomb :
This tomb is built in the memory of Kurumpam queen. This is popualr as Taj Mahal of Visakha.

• Submarine museum :
This is the first of its kind in Asia and second in the world. Kurusura Submarine museum is located near Ramakrishna beach.

• Rishikonda beach :
This is at a distance of 8 kilometers from Visakhapatnam and is a place to be visited. Twelve AP tourism cottages are avilable here for the tourists.

  • Totlakonda is 15 kilometers away from Visakhapatnam and is 128 kilometers above the sea level.
  • Simhachalam is 16 kilometers away form Visakhapatnam city. It has nearly six hundred years of history. Devotees believe that Narasimha Swamy resides on this hill. Thousands of devotees visit this temple every day.
  • Nukambika temple is at a distance of 36 kilometers from Visakhapatnam. Devotees. yome to visit this temple from Odhisha, Maharashtra and Karnataka districts also.

★ Tourist Places in Krishna District:

  1. Kondapalli is one of the Krishna district tourist attraction places. This lies between Nandigama and Vijayawada towns. Kondapalli is famous for the wooden toys. The toys are made with a special wood got from the trees grown in this area.
  2. Kanaka Durga temple is on the hills of Indrakeelaadri in Vijayawada. Lakhs of devotees
    visit the temple every year. It is said that Arjuna did penance for Lord Shiva on this hill. ‘
  3. World popular Kuchipudi village is also in this district.
  4. Kolleru lake is also located in this’district and the Pelicon birds can be seen here.
  5. Hamsala Deevi is another tourist attraction. This village is in Koduru mandal. River Krishna merges in Bay of Bengal near this village. This place is very beautiful.
  6. Prakasam barrage is another attraction of Vijayawada. The barrage is constructed at the foothill of Indrakeeladri. It was constructed in the year 1957.
  7. Bapu Museum has more than hundred years of history. The museum was launched in the year 1887. There are many artefacts including those used by early men.

Tourist Places in Kurnool District:
• Srisailam :
It is located at 180 kms from Kurnool and 210 kms from Hyderabad an altitude of over 1500 ft. above the sea level in the picturesque natural environment in the Northernmost part of the Nallamalas hill range. The temple at Srisailam is the ancient and sacred place of South India. The presiding deity of the place is Bhramaramba Mallikarjuna Swamy in natural stone formations in the shape of Lingam and is listed as one of the twelve Jyotirlingams existing in the country.

• Mahanandi :
Mahanandiswara temple in Mahanandi mandal is a reputed pilgrim center and that dates back to the 7th century A.D. It is located at a distance of 14 kms from Nandyal and 80 kms from Kurnool., It is a scenic spot having its location to the east of the Nallamalas hill range in a natural set up of ravishing beauty surrounded by thick forest. The remarkable feature here is the crystal clear water which flows throughout the year from perennial springs. The festival of Mahanandiswara is celebrated during February- March. Pilgrims and tourists from all parts of India particularly South Indians visit this place throughout the year.

• Ahobilam :
It is a great religious center of antiquity and is situated at a distance of 68 Kms. from Nandyal, 28 Kms. From Allagadda and 160 Kms from Kurnool.

• Manthralayam :
Mantralayam is situated on the banks of river Tungabhadra and lying 90 kms from Kurnool. It derived its importance form the Jeevasamadhi of Madhva Saint Sri Raghavendra Swamy.

• Yaganti :
Yaganti lies at a distance of 11 kms from Banganapally and §0 kms from Kurnool situated admist natural scenery with caves and waterfalls around. The presiding deity is Uma Maheswara Swamy popularly known as Yaganti Swamy.

• Belum Caves :
Beliim Caves are located near Belum village, Kolimigundla mandal in Kurnool district. The Caves lie at a distance of 110 kms from Kurnool via Banaganapalli.

After a distance of 20 meters at the entrance, the cave is horizontal and has a length , of 3229 meters. Longer than Borra Caves in Vizag district, Belum Caves have long passages, spacious chambers fresh water galleries and siphons.

• Rolla Padu Sanctuary :
The Rolla Padu Sanctuary is located in Midthur mandal and about a distance of 60 kms from Kurnool. Apart from a wide variety birds and animals, this sanctuary is renowned as one of the last refuges of the endangered Great Indian Bustard (Batta Meka Pitta), which is a heavy Ground Bird like a young ostrich or peahen.

• Orvakallu Rock Garden :
A Magical Place – Amidst the Wonder of Nature: Orvakallu is an adventure destination unlike any other. Andhra Pradesh Tourism has identified the grandeur of these formations and has set up a 1000 acre park with the fabulous igneous rock formations as the centre of attraction.

• Bramham Gari Matham-Banaganapalli :
Banaganapalli is 85 kms away frftm Kurnool. Veera Bramham is well known saint in this region. He lived in this area written “Kalagnanam” on palm leaves. Garimireddy Achamma has provided shelter to Veera Bramham and became his disciple. He worked as a Gopala in her house. Chintamani Matham and Nelamatham are famous in this town, Banaganapalli is famous for Mango Gardens.

★ Tourist Places in Y.S.R. Kadapa District:

Gandikota Fort :
Belonging to the 13th century, Gandikota Fort is one of the most important tourist attractions in Andhra Pradesh. The architecture is inspired by Vijayanagar style and Quli Qutb style. The fort houses an expansive palace, temple and a mosque.

Ontimitta :
Those who visit Kadapa do not miss visiting Ontimitta, which has the famous Sri Kodandarama Swami Temple. The idols of three Hindu gods in the temple are carved off a single rock.

Ameen Peer Dargah :
Ameen Peer Dargah was constructed by Sufi Saint Peerullah Hussaini in the year 1683. The Dargah is visited by people who follow various faiths and hence it stands as a symbol of harmony that crosses all man made barriers.

Pushpagiri :
Pushpagiri is a beautiful place, which is considered sacred as it has many temples and a favourite pilgrimage centre.

Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary :
Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the important tourist attractions here. The sanctuary is a home to over 100 species of birds and 1500 varieties of plants.

Sidhout Fort :
Sidhout Fort is located on Pennar River banks. The fort was constructed in the year 1303 AD and it covers a massive 30-acre land. The two gateways with embellished pillars stand proof of the architectural splendor of the bygone era.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

★ Tourist Attractions in Anantapur District:

  1. Bugga Ramalingeswara temple in Tadipatri is called the second Varanasi.
  2. Puttaparti is another religious place in Anantapur district.
  3. Veerapuram is another important Anantapur Tourist Place for bird lovers. Birds from as far as Siberia come here every year and the villagers look after them as their guests. Painted stork is one important guest here.
  4. Lepakshi temple is another important tourist spot in the district. There is a large Nandi sculpture that looks real. It is 15 feet high and 27 feet long.
  5. There are many historical structures in Penugonda. It was the second capital of Sri Krishna Devaraya.

Tourist Places in Chittoor District:

Chandagiri Fort :
This was the 4th capital of Vijayanagar empire. Rayas shifted their capital here when Golconda sultans attacked Penukonda. In 1646 eventually the fort was annexed by the Sultans and subsequently fell under the Kingdom of Mysore. The Raja Mahal Palace is now an archaeological museum. The palace is an example of Indo-Sarcen architecture from Vijayanagar period.

Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Tirumala :
The Tirupati Balaji temple is placed about 120 KM east of Chittoor town. This temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga.

Horsley Hills :
Horsley Hills or Horsley Konda is a series of hills in the Madanapalle taluk of Chittoor district. it’s about 150 KM west of Chittoor town. Over the years Horsely Hills has become one of the leading tourist spots of Andhra Pradesh and its fondly called today as ‘Andhra’s Ooty’.

Kailasakona Waterfalls :
The falls is situated in Nagari Valley, about 72 KM East of Chittoor. This is a perennial waterfalls with an interesting story behind them. Legend has it that Lord Kailasanatheshwara performed the marriage of Lord Venkateshwara Swami and Goddess Padmavati here.

★ Tourist Places in Prakasam District:

1. Bhairavakona Temple :
Bhairavakonda(Bhairavakona) is about 150 kilometres from Ongole and is famous for many rock-cut temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and many other Hindu deities. Most of these temples are in ruins and date back to the 7th and 8th centuries. The architectural style of temples is similar to the temples that were constructed during the Pallava Dynasty.

2. Markapur Chennakesava :
Chennakesava Swamy temple is a famous pilgrimage centre at Markapur in Prakasam district.

3. Tripurantakam :
Located at 40 km from Markapur and 93 km from Ongole, it’s a well known place of pilgrimage. This is the site of the Tripuranta Keswara Swamy temple situated on a hilltop.

4. Singarakonda Anjaneya swamy Temple :
There are two things which Singarakonda is known for. One of them is that Lord Hanuman is located on the bank of Bhavanasi lake at the bottom of the hill Singarakonda and the second is that there is one Sri Lakshminarasimha Swamy temple located on the hilltop.

5. Kottapatnam Beach :
The beach lines the coast of Bay of Bengal and runs along several kilometres. The beach is popular for picnic and serves as a recreational spot.

Fun Time

Poem to enjoy

A pin had a head but has no hair
A clock has a face but no mouth there
Needles have eyes but they cannot see
A fly has a trunk without lock or key
A timepiece may lose but cannot win
A corn field dimples without chin
Rivers run though they have no feet
A saw has feet but it does not run
Ash trees have keys yet never a lock
And a baby crpws without being a cock

Think and match the following.

1) bottle – teeth
2) tree – tongue
3) shoe – neck
4) comb – spine
5) flame – nose
6) hammer – trunk
7) aeroplane – head
8) book – sole
Answer:
1) bottle → neck
2) tree → trunk
3) shoe → sole
4) comb → teeth
5) flame → tongue
6) hammer → head
7) aeroplane → nose
8) book → spine

A Journey through the Hills and Valleys Summary

The speaker of the lesson describes his visit to the Eastern Ghats. The speaker and his friends started from Visakhapatnam by train (Vistadome coach) to Borra Caves. The train journey to Borra Caves was by a Vista dome coach through 58 tunnels. They watched a waterfall during their train journey to Borra Caves. It was an unforgettable experience for them and they reached the place at 9.40 a.m.

Borra Caves :
The Borra Caves are the largest caves in the country. They are located 705 metres above the sea level. They enjoyed the chilled weather and the echo of shouts of visitors. They watched the forest products and handicrafts sold by the tribal people. ‘

Tyda Nature Camp :
Around 2. p.m. they reached Tyda Nature Camp. This place has facilities for rock climbing, trekking, bird watching and target shooting with bow and arrows. They enjoyed the serene atmosphere of the place. They left for Araku Valley which is called the Andhra Ooty. It is a monumental vacation spot in Andhra Pradesh. They enjoyed the taste of coffee there. They visited the Tribal Museum which exhibits the handicrafts, ornaments and dresses used by the tribal people. The yellow flowers at the spot is a wonderful feast for the eyes.

Padmapuram Gardens :
Padmapurarrf Garden is built in 26 acres and they watched the entire place in Araku Express, the toy train. They stayed at Araku at night. There they enjoyed a camp fire and Dhimsa performed by 12 to 16 women while men beating the drums.

Lambasingi:
Lambasingi is known for the snowfall with a record the lowest temperature in Andhra Pradesh. It is a perfect place to enjoy winter season. After breakfast, they visited Kondakarla Bird Sanctuary, one of the best places of visit. They watched many kinds of birds there.

Having lunch at Narsipatnam, they started to Visakhapatnam in their hired vehicle and reached in the evening. The entire journey was a memorable and adventurous experience in their life.

Meanings For Difficult Words

valley (n) : an elongated depression of the earth’s surface usually between ranges of hills
tunnel (n) : a covered passage way
exciting (adj) : thrilling
astounding (adj) : amazing, astonishing
Vista dome coach (n) : a glass-top coach which enables the passengers watch the outside scenery
spellbound (adj) : mesmerised
manifested (adj) : evident
magnificence (n) : glory / spender
concrete jungles : town areas where houses are built with cement
serene (adj) : peaceful
sumptuous (adj) : luxurious/rich; delicious
exhausted (adj) : extremely tired
brimming (v) : overflow
monumental (adj) : highly significant/very great
phenomenon (n) : an observable event
ceremonial (adj) : ritual; formal
auspicious (adj) : favourable; encouraging
survive (v) : live
intense (adj) : severe
adventurous (adj) : daring
expensive (adj) : costly

Gandikota – The Grand Canyon of India

Reading Comprehension

A. Answer the following questions.

Question 1.
Write one of the interesting things from this news article.
Answer:
The information about the Gandikota Fort impressed me a lot. The wall guarding the fort is a great construction. The wall has a five-mile perimeter.

Question 2.
What is the right time to visit Gandikota? Why?
Answer:
The best time to visit this place is between September and February, as the weather during this time is comparatively pleasant.

AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys

B. Read the following and say whether they are true/false.

1. Gorges are formed because of rock erosion over a long period of time.
2. A five-mile perimeter wall around Gandikota Fort is constructed to protect it.
3. Gandikota, the Grand Canyon of India, is only one such a place in the world.
4. Gandikota is an example of artificial architecture.
5. Gandikota can only be reached by road.
Answer:

  1. true
  2. true
  3. false
  4. false
  5. false

Check Point
AP Board 7th Class English Solutions Unit 3 A Journey through the Hills and Valleys 7

Gandikota – The Grand Canyon of India Summary

Gandikota has come to be known as the Hidden Grand Canyon of India. It is lo-cated in Kadapa District of Andhra Pradesh. It resembles the Grand Canyon, Arizona, US. There are many astounding areas that are alluring to the visitors in and around Gandikota. ‘Gandi’ means ‘Canyon’ and ‘Kota’ means ‘Fort’. The village nearby this area is known to tye Gandikota. Gandikota was the seat of power for many ancient dynasties, ever since its discovery by Kakatiya Raja, a subordinate of the then Chalukya ruler.

The Fort, having a five-mile perimeter wall guarding it, is one of the favourite tourist hotspots. This fort has an impressive history as it was once the undefeatable stronghold of its time. It is very exciting to walk along the fort’s wall and spend a few moments by the serene river. A trip to this place is worthy. The best tinje to visit this place is between September and February, as the weather during this time is comparatively pleasant. There are several other attractions and things to do in Gandikota like kayaking, rock climbing, trekking and rappelling. Surely you can enjoy watching stars at night. The granary, prison etc are the special attractions here. You can also visit Mylavaram Dam nearby and do some boating in the serene waters of the reservoir. You can also visit the Belum Caves which is India’S largest and the longest natural cave system, the Owk Reservoir and Banaganapalle.

Meanings For Difficult Words

architecture (n) : any particular style of building design
astounding (adj) : surprisingly impressive
allure (v) : extremely attractive
adorned (v) : made more beautiful
serene (adj) : calm and peaceful
appealing (adj) : attractive or interesting
quirky (adj) : unusual
gushing (v) : flow out of something in a rapid and plentiful stream