Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 16 Abolition of Zamindari System to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 16 Abolition of Zamindari System
→ In India, a very large proportion of peasants were landless.
→ At the time of independence it was widely agreed that in order to end rural poverty, it was most important to give the poor access to land for cultivation.
→ The law to abolish the zamindari system was passed in the 1950s.
→ The zamindar’s own land is called Khudkasht.
→ As per the new laws the government took over the waste and forest lands held by zamindars.
→ The Madras Estate Bill came into force in 1950.
→ In the Telangana region, the powerful movement of the peasants was underway when the Nizam state was merged with India.
→ The famous Hyderabad Tenancy Act was passed in 1950 protecting all types of tenants.
→ Bhoodan means donating land to the landless.
→ The Challapalli Zamindar showed 2650 acres under his sugar factory.
→ Land Ceiling Acts were passed in most states after 1972.
→ The Land Ceiling Act defined a family with 5 members as a unit.
→ Several landlords gave false declarations to the officers and did not reveal the excess land.
→ One of the states in which the Land Ceiling Act was more efficiently implemented was West Bengal.
→ Land Ceiling: There is a limitation in the ownership of land – one unit – 10 to 27 acres of irrigated land and 35 to 54 acres of dryland
→ Jagirdari system: Lands were divided into jagirs and were ruled/administered by Jagirdars.
→ Firman: A Nizam government’s order.
→ Tenancy Act: The act which makes tenants as landowners
→ Bhoodan movement: A movement which was led by Sri Acharya Vinoba Bhave, it aims ‘donating land to the landless.
→ Sarf-e-Khas: Nizam’s own land
→ Maktas: Small kingdoms ¡n Nizam’s rule
→ Land holdIng: A piece of land owned by a person
→ Begar/Vetti: Working for somebody without any benefit
→ Compensation: Something which is received on behalf of something lost
→ Khudkasht: Own land of zamindars