Students can go through AP State Board 9th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 7 Industries in India to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 9th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 7 Industries in India
→ In a manufacturing production process, the raw materials are worked upon by people and changed using tools and machines to produce a good that can be useful
→ Industries produce a large variety of goods, generate employment and earn foreign exchange.
→ Machines, electricity, minerals and ores and transport facilities are basic needs and the government has taken responsibility to provide these basic goods.
→ During the early years of industrialization industrial production was increased But there were a lot of restrictions hence the Indian industry could not modernize.
→ In the 1990s, the government introduced new policies for industries. Many activities which were earlier restricted only to the government are now allowed for the private industries. Rules were relaxed
→ Due to that, there was a rise in the number of industrial units. Employment has increased but less than expected and of low paying quality.
→ Large industries began to replace workers with technology. This led to almost zero additional employment in large factories.
→ In the course of production, these industries release a lot of other materials They are causing pollution in the industrial locations.
→ Colonial rule: Under British rule. (During the middle age the European countries occupied much of African and Asian countries and established their trading centers or colonies. We were under the colonial rule of the British)
→ Consumer goods: The goods which are directly consumed by the consumers are known as consumer goods.
→ Infrastructure facilities: Building of roads, good transport facilities such as roadways, railways. waterways and airways. provision of power supply, development of telephone lines, etc. are known as infrastructure facilities.
→ Basic goods industries: Industries or factories producing essential goods such as machines, electricity, minerals, and ores, and transport facilities are basic industries.
→ Self-sufficiency: Ability to provide all the things needed without external help.
→ Per capita consumption: Average consumption by each person.
→ Liberalization: Process by which government controls usually in the areas of social or economic policies are relaxed or even removed.
→ Foreign exchange: Foreign exchange is used to refer to foreign currency that is obtained through a foreign exchange system.
→ The first jute mill was set up near Kolkata in 1859 at Rishra. After Partition in 1947, the jute mills remained in India but three-fourth of the jute producing area went to Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan).