Students can go through AP Board 7th Class Social Notes 6th Lesson Vijayanagara Empire to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP Board 7th Class Social Notes 6th Lesson Vijayanagara Empire
→ When Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq was loosing his power in the Deccan, two new kingdoms were emerged in South India.
They are: Vijayanagara and Bahmani Kingdoms.
→ The founders of Vijayanagara empire were Hari Hara Raya and Bukkaraya.
→ The capital of Vijayanagara was Hampi.
→ Vijayanagara was the richest kingdom in the world during 14th and 15th centuries.
→ The struggle between Vijayanagara and Sultanate of Madurai lasted for about 4 decades. □I The greatest ruler of the Sangam dynasty was Devaraya II.
→ Saluva dynasty was founded by Saluva Narasimharaya.
→ Krishna Devaraya was a very powerful ruler of Vijayanagara. ‘
→ The founder of Tuluva dynasty was Narasa Nayaka. He was the father of Krishnadevaraya. □I Sri Krishna Devaraya maintained friendly relations with the Portuguese and Arab traders.
→ “Desa Bhasalandu Telugu Lessa” said by Sri Krishna Devaraya.
→ Allasani Peddana was called Andhra Kavita Pitamaha.
→ The king enjoyed absolute authority in executive, judicial and legislative matters.
→ The empire was divided into different administrative units called Mandalas, Nadus, Sthalas and Gramas. .
→ The Amara Nayaka system was a major political innovation of Vijayanagara empire.
→ The society was systemized.
→ Women occupied a high position and took an active part in all aspects.
→ Vijayanagara was also a great center of trade.
→ The art of shipbuilding developed.
→ The Carnatic music was developed.
→ Bharatanatyam was famous.
→ The Reddy kingdom was established by Prolaya Verna Reddy.
→ The founder of Bahamani kingdom was Alauddin Hasan Bahman Shah.
→ Mahmud Gawan was a Persian merchant.
→ Rulers of Vijayanagara : Who ruled the Vijayanagara empire.
→ Political life : The administration under Vijayanagara empire was well organised.
→ Social life : The society was systemized.
→ Economic life : Vijayanagara empire was one of the wealthiest parts of the world at that time.
→ Art and Architecture : Is defined as the art and science of designing building and structures.
→ Contemporary Kingdoms (Bahamanis, Reddies) : The kindoms existing at the same time.
→ Doab : The land lying between two rivers.
→ Artillery : Large caliber guns used in warfare, weapon.
→ Nayakas : Who discharge civil and military functions on behalf of the emperor.
→ Merchant : A person doing trade.
→ Invade : An armed force attack, conquer, capture.