# AP Board 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 3 Maps

Students can go through AP State Board 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 3 Maps to understand and remember the concept easily.

## AP State Board Syllabus 6th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 3 Maps

→ We use maps when we want to study the Earth horizontally as a part, such as a country, state, district, town, village, and world as a whole.

→ A rough drawing drawn without scale and directions mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale is called a sketch.

→ A map is a representation of the whole Earth or a part of it, on a flat surface according to ^proportionate scale. –

→ A map must have certain components like direction, scale, symbols, etc.

→ Main components of a map. 1.Directions 2. Scale 3. Symbols 4.Colours.

→ North, South, East, and West are called Cardinal directions. Among these four direc¬tions North is treated as principal direction. So all the maps contain a North arrow with the letter N at the top right-hand corner.

→ intermediate directions are North-East (NE), South-East (SE), South-West (SW), and North-West (NW). We can locate any place more accurately with the help of these intermediate directions.

→ Scale is another component of a map. The scale of a map is the ratio of a distance on a map to the corresponding distance on the actual ground. A scale can be used to figure out the distance between two locations on a map.

→ With the use of these symbols, maps can be drawn easily. With the symbols, maps are simple to read. Symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. Even if we don’t know the language of an area we can know the information from maps with the help of symbols.

→ The colors used in the maps represent different physical features.

→ Maps can be classified into three types. They are :

1. Political Maps
2. Physical Maps
3. Thematic Maps

→ Political maps show villages, cities, towns, districts, states, and countries with their boundaries.

→ Large landmasses on the World map are called Continents. Large water bodies on the World maps are called Oceans.

→ Physical maps show the physical features such as Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Oceans and Rivers, Deserts, etc.

→ Thematic maps show the distribution of specific features such as land use, temperature, rainfall, population, soils, natural vegetation, crops, minerals, industries, railways, roads, waterways, etc.

→ There are two types of maps based on scale.

1. Large-scale maps
2. Small-scale maps

→ Large-scale maps: These maps represent small areas. They can be divided into Cadastral maps and Topographical maps. Cadastral maps show the individual property. Topographical maps show detailed surface features.

→ Small-scale maps: They represent large areas – World, Continents or Countries. They are of two types:

1. Wall maps and
2. Atlas maps.

→ Map: Diagrammatic representation of an area of land or sea showing physical features, cities, roads, etc.

→ Sketch: Drawing based on memory and spot observation and not to scale.

→ Plan: Drawing a small area on a Large scale.

→ Scale: Ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map with the help of scale.

→ Cardinal directions: Directions of North, East, South, and West, denoted by N, E, S, W.

→ Intermediate directions: Direction between to cardinal directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest)

→ Compass: Drawing circles and arcs and measuring distances between points.