Students can go through AP State Board 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 9 Production in a Factory – A Paper Mill to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 9 Production in a Factory – A Paper Mill
→ Factories produce goods on a large scale, with the help of machines and a large number of workers.
→ There are two paper mills in Andhra Pradesh – Rajahmundry and Kurnool.
→ Paper mills generally use wood from bamboo, eucalyptus, and sublabel trees.
→ Besides wood, a number of chemicals like common salt and caustic soda are also used in different stages of paper-making.
→ Paper mills need electricity for operating their machines.
→ Besides electricity, the mill requires a large quantity of clean water throughout the year. Paper mills engage contractors to supply bamboo and other raw materials.
→ Paper is actually made in five stages. They are:
- Making of wood pulp,
- Spreading the pulp,
- Pressing, drying, and rolling,
→ Papermill runs all 24 hours a day.
→ Papermill has marketing depots in different cities.
→ Developed railways and roadways make it is easy to transport wood and paper to and from the mill.
→ A factory also employs people on different terms and conditions.
→ Some are regular ‘permanent’ workers of the factory, while some others may be employed as casual workers when the need arises.
→ A regular employee, he gets a number of benefits like Provident Fund (paid when he retires from service), medical insurance, etc.
→ Platform: It is a space meant for something.
→ Conveyor belt: A continuous moving belt used for transporting objects within a building
→ Fibre line: This is a section in paper mills. There the wood chips are turned into thin fibers.
→ Label: A small piece of card, fabric, or other material attached to an object and giving information about it
→ Allowance: The amount of something allowed or a sum of money paid regularly to a person
→ Bonus: A sum of money added to a person’s wages for good performance
→ Pollution: The presence in the air, soil, or water of a substance with harmful or unpleasant effects.
→ Working hours .: Any organization has some prescribed working hours.
→ Raw materi&: The material which ¡s used to make something.
e.g: Cotton → doth.
→ Accountant: A person who keeps or Inspects financial accounts.