Students can go through AP State Board 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 10 Importance of Transport System to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 7th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 10 Importance of Transport System
→ In our daily life, we use various vehicles to go from one place to another.
→ In India, most roads are built and maintained by the government.
→ National Highways are built across different states in the country.
→ One-fifth of travellers in India use trains.
→ Railways are mainly used to transport goods like coal, iron ore, fertilizers, cement, food grains etc.
→ There are six domestic airports in Andhra Pradesh – Visakhapatnam, Tirupathi (Renigunt), Rajamundry, Vijayawada (Gannavaram), Puttaparthi and Kadapa.
→ Almost all goods traded by Indian traders are transported to other countries through ports. Port cities or towns are thus major trading centres. Andhra Pradesh has 15 ports out of which Visakhapatnam is the largest one.
→ Most people in Andhra Pradesh depend on roads for travel.
→ Nearly one crore vehicles are running on Andhra Pradesh roads and about three fourth of them are two-wheelers.
→ If the cost of travel is high, people may not be able to move from one place to another.
→ Most cities In our country are now experiencing congestion and traffic blocks.
→ Motorcycles and cars are used in a big way. This has led to the use of more petrol and diesel, which increase air pollution.
→ To reduce pollution we should consume less of these petroleum products. Public transport can help in this aspect as they carry more people with minimum cost.
→ Road travel nowadays has become riskier.
→ The first week of every year, the Road transport departments all over the country celebrate Road Safety Week.
→ Government-run companies such as the Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation conduct awareness campaigns among drivers and give them the training to drive safely.
→ Every person using transport system – roads, railways or airways and those working in them are required to follow specific safety rules.
→ Safety travelling: Travelling without worries or accidents.
→ Roadways: Connecting the people in remote areas with the main cities.
→ Airways: Transporting through the air by using aeroplanes, helicopters, etc. It is costlIest transport.
→ Waterways: Transporting through canals, rivers, oceans, etc., through ports. Cheapest transportation.
→ Railways: Railways are mainly used to transport goods like coal, iron ore, fertilizers, cement, etc., One fifth of the travellers in India use trains.
→ National Highway: Roads built across different stat€s in the country.
→ State Highway: Roads connecting small towns and districts within the state.
→ Village / Rural roads: Roads connecting small villages and are maintained by panchayats.
→ Urban roads: Roads connecting töwnandcities and are maintained by Corporations and Municipalities.
→ Border roads: Roads laid along the international boundaries are called border roads.
→ APSRTC: Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation is a government-owned transport service That employs about 1,20,000 people to run about 20,000 buses.
→ Congestion: Overcrowding with too much traffic.
→ Registration: The action of registering
→ Driving licence: Grant a permit to drive
→ Transport: Carry people or goods from one place to another by means of a vehicle, aircraft or ship.
→ Traffic: Vehicles moving on Public Roads.
→ Signal: A gesture, action or sound giving information or instruction.
→ Pavement: A raised path for pedestrians at the side of a road.