Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 10 Landlords and Tenants under the British and the Nizam to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 10 Landlords and Tenants under the British and the Nizam
→ During the time of the Mughal emperors, on their behalf them, the zamindars collected land revenue from the peasants.
→ Khudkhasht lands are lands of zamindars on which the laborers worked.
→ The English East India Company introduced the Permanent Settlement in 1793 when Cornwallis was the Governor-General.
→ By 1820, the prices of grains in the market rose and cultivation slowly expanded.
→ The zamindars did not have an interest in improving the land.
→ Nizam handed over Rayalaseema to the British on account of debt.
→ Some British administrators believed that it was the duty of the government to invest in large-scale irrigation works.
→ Even in the Ryotwari areas, the land revenue was fixed at a very high level.
→ Peasants very often borrowed money from moneylenders in order to pay their land revenue.
→ During the colonial period, the peasants were forced to do ‘Vetti’ on the personal land of the landlords.
→ The zamindars also tried to extract as much money as they could from the peasants under a variety of pretexts.
→ In the Hyderabad State under the Nizam rule, there were many forms of subordinate chieftaincies.
→ The large landlords were called Doras.
→ Famines or massive food shortages leading to acute distress were a regular feature of British rule. Not less than 11 famines occurred during the latter half of the 19th century.
→ The famous peasant movements were the Deccan riots of the 1860s, Rampa features, and Mappila agitations.
→ Landlords: Zamindars gave their land to peasants either for a share of the products or for a fixed rent. These peasants were called Landlords.
→ Moneylenders: Persons who lend money on interest to the needy (on the mortgage)
→ Jagirs: These are the areas of Jagirdars, Subordinate Chieftaincies in the Hyderabad State under Nizam rule.
→ Santhanam: Some areas were ruled by Swadeshi rulers under British rule.
→ Inamdar’s: The people who received ‘Inams’ from Nizam in the form of land.
→ Patta: A paper order which declares the ownership of land.
→ Ryotwari: Ryotwari means peasant tenure.
→ Deshmukh: The person who collects revenue in Hyderabad State during Nizam’s rule.