Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 12 Freedom Movement in Hyderabad State to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 12 Freedom Movement in Hyderabad State
→ Hyderabad was an important princely state of South India under British paramountcy.
→ It was ruled by the Nizams who were initially, provincial governors of the Mughal emperors.
→ Mullah Abdul Qayyum of Hyderabad became a great champion of the Congress.
→ In the year 1892 Arya Samaj was established in Hyderabad, which has credited many leaders to the nationalist movement in Hyderabad.
→ The Nizams actually discouraged the setting up of private Telugu medium schools.
→ In 1924 Madapati Hanumantha Rao and others formed the Andhra Jana Sangham.
→ The leaders of various sections decided to unite into one large organization and thus AMS was formed in 1930.
→ Later the radical elements gained leadership and a new movement of the peasants
→ Enthused by the response of the youth of the state, the nationalists of Hyderabad had set up the Hyderabad State Congress in 1938.
→ in 1942 they started Satyagraha in tune with the National Quit India Movement.
→ From 1929, Ryot Sangams were established.
→ The movement was transformed in 1947-48 into a broad anti-Nizam and anti-feudal struggle demanding the merging of Hyderabad with independent India.
→ The fanatic Muslim enthusiasts formed Ittehadul Muslimeen, an organization to protect the Muslim domination of Hyderabad state and Nizam rule.
→ In 1947, the Nizam was Osman AiiKhan.
→ Hyderabad was finally integrated into Indian Union in September 1948.
→ Flrnianas: Orders issued by the rulers especially Muslim rulers
→ Vettel: Making some people work for no wages (slavery)
→ Feudal system: System of landlords
→ Subordinate kings: The kings under an emperor or a Samrat, enjoying liberty by paying some annual tribute
→ Legitimate rights: Rights that are guaranteed by law
→ Guerrilla squad: A group of armed people who attack all of a sudden
→ Jagirdars: Owners of Jagirs
→ Representative Government: A government that is run by the elected or nominated members