Students can go through AP State Board 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 9 Public Health and the Government to understand and remember the concept easily.
AP State Board Syllabus 8th Class Social Studies Notes Chapter 9 Public Health and the Government
→ In order to prevent and treat illnesses, we need appropriate facilities.
→ India has a large number of doctors, clinics and hospitals.
→ India is the 4th largest producer of medicines in the world and is also a large exporter of medicines.
→ The public health service is a system of health centres and hospitals run by the government to provide treatment to all kinds of problems.
→ There is a wide range of private health facilities that exist in our country.
→ Registered Medical Practitioners (RMPs) work in rural areas.
→ Medicines are too expensive for some chronic diseases to the public. So many insurance companies are present in the market.
→ Water is essential for life and good health.
→ Health care, sanitation, electricity etc., are known as public facilities.
→ Government is responsible for providing these to people.
→ Adequate food, safe drinking water, proper sanitation and preventive measures are basic to a healthy living environment.
→ Public Health: Health centres, hospitals run by the government are called Public Centres Health Centres.
→ Area Hospital: The hospital has 100 beds at the division level.
→ Public amenities: Like water, there are other essential facilities that need to be provided for everyone. Health care, sanitation, electricity, public transport etc. These are called public amenities.
→ Nutrition: All of us require some fat in our body to remain healthy to provide the source of energy for our activities to protect ourselves from infections. This is called nutrition.
→ Aarogyasri Scheme: This scheme is available to all the persons who hold white cards. They are eligible for free treatment in private hospitals also.
→ Primary Health: These are located at the mandate levels. The PHC covers a Centres population of 30,000 (roughly five Sub Centre areas).
→ Anganwadi centres: Education and health centres for children from 3 to 5 years.
→ Resistance power: Our body has some power of resisting harmful bacteria.
→ Asha: A government health worker at the village level.